Eisenhower

Election (1952)

  • Democratic nomination: Adlai E. Stevenson
  • Republican nomination: Dwight D. Eisenhower, VP: Richard Nixon
  • Eisenhower debated releasing Nixon after accusation of tapping government funds
  • Nixon delivers Checkers Speech, and stays on ballot

Election (1956)

  • Democratic nomination: Adlai E. Stevenson
  • Republican nomination: Dwight D. Eisenhower
  • Democrats pushed for a issue to find over Eisenhower but failed and Eisenhower was reelected

Cold War

  • Both countries agreed to put an end to nuclear weapons because they were becoming so dominant
  • Helped Lebanon after they asked for aid under the Eisenhower Doctrine (economically and militarily)
  • "Spirit of Camp David" after Krushchev proposed UN with a disarmament program with Eisenhower
  • American U-2 spy plane shot down over Russia--no more peace

Joseph McCarthy

  • Republican senator
  • Accusations that government officials were communist
  • McCarthyism
  • Attacked the military--big mistake
  • Army retaliated with TV trails and McCarthy was disbanded

Desegregation in the South

  • Jim Crow laws still in place
  • Sweatt v. Painter, 1950: supreme court ruled separate schools for the blacks did not meet the equality test
  • Rosa Parks: refused to give up bus seat, sparking Montgomery Bus Boycott
  • Montgomery Bus Boycott: black boycott of city busses, blacks showed they are no longer submitting to segregation
  • Dr. Martin Luther King: paster, orator, leader of back revolution, created the Southern Christian Leadership Conference--joint effort of black churches
  • Little Rock Crisis: governor of Arkansas Oral Faubus mobilized the National Guard to prevent black students from enrolling in Central High School--Eisenhower sent troops to escort them to class
  • Brown vs Board of Education of Topeka, Kansas, 1954: supreme court ruled that school segregation was unconstitutional, reversing the ruling of Plessy v Ferguson
  • Civil Rights Act, 1957: permanent civil rights commission investigation civil rights violations & authorizing injunctions to protect blacks voting rights

Republicanism

  • Operation Wetback: Eisenhower rounded up illegal Mexican immigrants after Mexican government worried they were taking the jobs that braceros were coming over legally for
  • Indian New Deal: Eisenhower wanted to terminate the tribes as legal entities and assimilate as in the Dawes Severalty Act of 1887
  • Plan was aborted after tribes refused
  • Interstate Highway Act, 1956: many miles of highway were built making for many jobs and a quicker suburbanization

Vietnam War

  • Early 50's: nationalist movement--trying to rid French in Indochina
  • May 1954: French fort at Dienbienphu was trapped but Eisenhower did not intervene on fear of another war
  • US promised to aid Diem regime

Space Race

  • October 4th, 1957: Soviets launched satellite, Sputnik I and Sputnik II the following month
  • NASA: created to focus on satellites and missiles
  • National Defense and Education Act: authorized loans in order to improve science and language teaching
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