Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee

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This organization was formed in 1960 to give younger blacks more of a voice in the civil rights movement. Ella Baker, director at the time, of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, helped set up the first meeting of what became SNCC. She was concerned that SCLC, led by Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., was out of touch with younger blacks who wanted to quicken the process. Baker wanted the young people involved to look more at the bigger picture and the impact the movement would have on the nation.

SNCC played a huge part in the desegregating of buses led by the Freedom Rides and the marches organized by Dr. King and SCLC. Black voter registration drives in the South also were part of the success. Death of 3 members by the KKK and many other events heightened divisions between King and SNCC. Stokely Carmichael was elected head of SNCC in 1966. He promoted the term "black power" to imply the new tactics and goals of the group; these included black self-reliance and the use of violence as a legitimate means of self-defense. H. Rap Brown, Carmichael's successor, once said "Violence is an American as cherry pie." Fires and disorders that came in the summer of 1967 led to Brown's arrest for incitement to riot, and SNCC folded shortly after as the civil rights movement itself crumbled.

Civil Rights Movement (1955-1968)

1. The event that sparked this movement is the refusal of, African American woman, Rosa Parks to give up her seat in the white section of a bus in 1955.

2. Montgomery Bus Boycott, led by Dr. King, ends in victory in 1956.

3. Sit-ins begin in Greensboro, NC in 1960.

4. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 ended segregation in public places and banned employment discrimination on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, and/or national origin.

5. Presidents during these years were President Dwight D. Eisenhower, President John F. Kennedy, and President Lyndon B. Johnson.
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March on Washington, led by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., in August, 1963. "I Have A Dream" speech is given.