Biography Of Sigmund Freud
He passed away on September 23, 1939 in London, England.
- Repression: The complete exclusion from consciousness if anxiety- producing thoughts, feelings, or impulses. Most basic defense mechanism. Example: 3 years after retiring from the military the former soldier can only remember vague details about the war.
- Displacement: Emotional impulses are redirected toward a substitute person or object, usually one less threatening or dangerous than the original source of conflict. Example: Angered by a coworker , a father spanks his daughter for accidentally spilling her juice.
- Sublimation: Where sexual urges are re-channeled into productive, non sexual activities. Example: A graduate student works on her essay for 12 hours a day while her husband is away on an extended business trip.
- Rationalization: Justify ones actions or feelings with socially acceptable explanations rather than consciously acknowledging ones motives. Example: After being rejected by a popular college a student explains that she's glad that she didn't get in because she would rather go to a local and smaller college.
- Projection: The attribution to ones own unacceptable urges or qualities to others. Example: A married woman who is sexually attracted to a coworker accuses him of flirting with her.
- Reaction Formation: Thinking or behaving in a way that is the extreme opposite of unacceptable impulses. Example: Adolescent males, threatened by their awakening sexual attraction to girls go out of their way to torment and tease them.
- Denial: The failure to recognize or acknowledge the existence of anxiety provoking information. Example: An alcoholic refuses to admit that he is addicted to the drug.
- Undoing: A form of unconsciousness repentance that involves neutralizing for an unacceptable action with a second action. Example: A woman feels bad about cheating on her taxes so she makes a larger then usual donation to her local church.
- Regression: Retreating to a behavior pattern characteristic of an earlier stage of development. Example: After her parents divorce, a sad ten year old girl refuses to sleep alone in her room so every night she crawls into bed with her mother.
Mouth is associated with sexual pleasure. Example : Thumb sucking and chewing.
2. Anal Stage: 1 to 3 years.
Gratification comes from bowel and bladder functions. Example: Using the bathroom.
3. Phallic Stage: 3 to 5 years.
Focus on pleasure shifts to the genitals. Sexual attraction for the opposite sex parents begins. Example: Boys have incestuous feelings towards their mothers.
4. Latency: 6 to Puberty.
Pleasure zone is the genitals, coping with incestuous feelings. Example: Starts "exploring" ones self.
5. Genital: Puberty-life.
Maturation of sexual interest. Example : Preforms sexual intercourse.
Id, Ego and Super ego
Ego: Develops out of the id in infancy. Example: "I will"
Superego: Internalization of society's and parent moral standards. Example: :"I should"