Jean Jacques Roousseau
what did he do?
- he written a opera that was titled, Les Muses gal antes in 1742
- composed Le Devin du village, He gain much praise and fame.
- was also involved philosophically and wrote his first major philosophical work in 1750
- From his philosophical work he earned a prize from the Academy of Dijon. It was called discourse on the arts and sciences
- According to Rousseau, civilization is to be seen as a history of decay instead of progress.
- later he published the Discourse on the Origin and Basis of Inequality Among Men
- In 1761, Jacques Rousseau published a novel Julie, ou la nouvelle Héloïse (Julie or the New Heloise), turned out to be an immediate a bestseller.
- wrote a book of "the Social Contract, Principles of Political Right, one of the most influential books of a Republican style of government and the ideal relationship between such a government and its citizens
- He died in 1778 After his death, his ideas were taken up by supporters of the Reign of Terror, but were also employed by the later American philosophers/poets Ralph Waldo Emerson and Henry David Thoreau
Most famous lines
"He compares the “savages,” who live within themselves, with “social men,” who live outside themselves, and therefore, lives in and through the opinion of others. Rousseau here considers reason to be the root of all problems, for it is through reason that people are led to compare with each other."
"The first man who, having enclosed a piece of ground, bethought himself of saying This is mine, and found people simple enough to believe him, was the real founder of civil society. From how many crimes, wars, and murders, from how many horrors and misfortunes might not any one have saved mankind, by pulling up the stakes, or filling up the ditch, and crying to his fellows: Beware of listening to this imposter; you are undone if you once forget that the fruits of the earth belong to us all, and the earth itself to nobody."
-JEAN JACQUES ROOUSSEAU