Rabies

Rabies is a viral infection that affects the nervous system

Introduction

Because our nervous system controls and effects everything that we do, rabies have the potential to make a person very sick. If it's not treated correctly, a person can even die from rabies.

Symptoms

Pain areas: in the muscles

Whole body: dizziness, fatigue, fever, loss of appetite, or malaise

Psychological: delirium, fear, or hallucination

Gastrointestinal: nausea or vomiting

Muscular: muscle spasms or paralysis with weak muscles

Behavioral: aggression or irritability

Also common: anxiety, brain death, coma, difficulty swallowing, dilated pupil, drooling, excess salivation, headache, mental confusion, seizures, sensation of pins and needles, sensitivity to light, or stiff neck

Causes

People usually get rabies from a rabid animal bite. It is also possible, but rare, that people may get rabies if infectious material from a rabid animal, like saliva, gets directly into their eyes, nose, mouth, or any other portal of entree.

Transmisson

Transmission is generally through a bite from any infected animal. Transmission between humans is extremely rare, although it can happen through organ transplants, or through bites.

Epidemiology

The predominance of rabies in different areas of the world varies throughout history. Some regions were thought to be free of rabies in particular time periods, although this changed with time as the disease crept back in depending on the animal population and popularity of the disease.
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Treatment

There is no specific treatment for rabies. Once symptoms appear, it's nearly always fatal. A vaccine can prevent infection.
Cole Hubertus B1 5/3/2016

Citations

The Nemours Foundation. "TeensHealth." Information about Health, Growth, and Emotions for Teens: .org. The Nemours Foundation., n.d. Web. 03 May 2016. <http://www.teenshealth.org/>.

"Exposure to the Virus." Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 22 Apr. 2011. Web. 03 May 2016. <http://www.cdc.gov/rabies/transmission/exposure.html>.

Anderson, Janet; Frey Rebecca, Anderson, Janet; Frey, Rebecca; Carson-DeWitt, Rosalyn, Judith; Frey Rebecca Turner, "Rabies." World of Microbiology;Immunology. 2003, John M. Last, "rabies." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th Ed.. 2016, "Rabies." UXL Complete Health Resource. 2001, "rabies." World Encyclopedia. 2005, "rabies." A Dictionary of Nursing. 2008, "Rabies." Complete Human Diseases;Conditions. 2008, "rabies." The Oxford Pocket Dictionary of Current English. 2009, "Rabies." -Ologies;-Isms. 1986, and "rabies." Oxford Dictionary of Rhymes. 2007. "Rabies." Encyclopedia.com. HighBeam Research, 01 Jan. 2006. Web. 03 May 2016. <http://www.encyclopedia.com/topic/rabies.aspx>.