The Cold War
First! Some Background!
Soviet Union and America were locked in a political battle.
The two countries were constantly threatening each other with nuclear war, but both knew that if they actually launched an atom bomb it could destroy the world.
The Soviet Union was extending it's influence across Europe, and America was trying desperately to stop them.
The Space Race Begins
Why did the Soviet Union and America fight for space domination?
October 4, 1957: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik.
November 3, 1957: The Soviet Union launches Sputnik 2, a vessel that carries a small dog named Laika into orbit.
January 31, 1958: America launches it's first satellite to reach orbit, Explorer 1.
October 4 1959: The Soviet Union-launched Luna 3 is able to get pictures of 70% of the moon's surface.
May 5, 1961: Alan B. Shepard becomes the first American in space.
July 20, 1969: Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin become the first people to walk on the moon.
The first satellite launched to space!
Photos from Luna 3
Processed images taken by Luna 3, a device launched by the Soviets that photographed much of the moon's surface.
Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong
The first men to walk on the moon. Neil Armstrong is quoted as saying, "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind."