Scientific Revolution

By: Haley Sisco

Scientific Revolution

From 1550 to 1700, Europe experienced a scientific revolution when new ideas in physics, astronomy, biology, anatomy which changed the way Europeans viewed the natural world. Many people impacted the scientific revolution and played an important role.

Francis Bacon

Francis Bacon was born January 22, 1561, in London England; he died April 6, 1626.

Francis Bacon, an English Philosopher, used the ideas of Aristotelian to promote the application of induction, an important technique that is used in modern science. He wrote a few books such as "Of the Proficience and Advancement of Learning, Divine and Human" and "Novum organum" which was about his beliefs on syllogism.

Isaac Newton

Isaac Newton was born January 4, 1643; he died March 31, 1727. Newton discovered and explained the theory of gravity, studied the physics of motion and heat, he also created calculus to prove his own theories. Today in science classes we use Newton's law of motion; his theories back then are still used today. Newton's importance to the scientific revolution was being able to tell people why things happen such as why things fall because of gravity or how things move. Newton's law of motion which is used today; has 3 laws; the 1st law states that objects at rest will stay at rest until acted upon using external force. The 2nd law states that the acceleration of an object goes the same way depending on the net force applied to object. The 3rd and finial law says that for every action there and equal and opposite reaction. Newton played a very important role and had great discoveries.

William Harvey

William Harvey was born April 1, 1578; he died June 3, 1657. William has written many books such as "The Works Of William Harvey", "The Anatomical Exercises." He also painted the Le Chien. Harvey was an English doctor who proved that blood circulates through the body and is pumped by the heart. People today such as doctors are able to use Harvey's discoveries to help them understand the human anatomy. "The Works Of William Harvey" was written in Latin in 1628; his book was abut the circulatory system and how it functions and his discoveries.

Nicolaus Copernicus

Nicolaus Copernicus was born February 19, 1473; he died March 24, 1543. Copernicus wrote a book "Minor works", he also wrote a book called "on The Revolutions." His Heliocentric hypothesis proposed that the earth and other planets revolve around the sun, not around the earth. Today we know the solar system as the sun being the middle of the universe which is how we learn more about the universe. Nicolaus Copernicus book "Minor works" is about his inventions and discoveries explaining about how he did the things he did and what made him think they way he did.

Galileo Galiei

Galileo Galiei was born February 15, 1564; he passed January 8, 1642. He is known for the invention of the telescope, but he did much more such as writing “La Billancetta”, and "Two New Science." Galileo made observations about the moon and solar system he also created the law of inertia and perfected scientific method; today people use his original ideads to elaborate for a more complex telescope and the law of inertia is frequently used. His writing "la Billancetta" is about describing a new method of measuring specific gravity of precious metals.

Andreas Vesalius

Andreas was born December 31, 1514; he passed October 15, 1564. Vesalius studied human anatomy and marked the beginning of modern science he also added to European knowledge. He was one of the first surgeons in the world to observe human cadavers and finding of the body. His book "fabric Of The Human Body" is one of the most famous medical books which has precise drawings and sketches.

Johannes Kepler

Johannes Kepler was born December 27, 1571; he died November 15, 1630. During the revolution he mathematically proved copernicus' heliocentric theory and proposed that planets move in elliptical orbits and do not always travel at the same speed around the sun. Today his discoveries is how we study the solar system. Some of his books he wrote were "Astronomia Nova" and "Mystrium cosmographicum"; "Astronomia Nova was about his investigation on the movement of mars.

Robert Boyle

Robert Boyle was born January 25, 1627; he passed December 31, 1691. Boyle proved that only a part of the air is used in respiration and combustion, and is thus credited with the discovery of oxygen. He wrote a book called "The Sceptical Chymist," the Sceptical Chymist presented Boyle's hypothesis that matter consisted of atoms and clusters of atoms in motion and that every phenomenon was the result of collisions of particles in motion.