Green-winged Teal Duck


The Green-winged Teal Duck

Average length - Male 14.7", Female 14"

Average weight - Male 0.7 lbs., Female 0.6 lbs.

They are the smallest ducks in North America, they have small bills and short necks.Male green-winged teal have a chestnut head with an iridescent green to purple patch extending from the eyes to the nape of the neck. The wing coverts are brownish-gray with a green speculum. The bill is dark slate and the legs and feet are dark gray. Males have a distinctive high-pitched "preep-preep." Female green-winged teal are mottled brown with a dark brown line that extends from the bill through the eye. The bill is dark gray and the legs and feet are olive-gray to brownish-gray. Relatively silent but has a sharp, high "quack" when flushed.

Food Habits

Green-winged teal feed on seeds of sedges, smartweeds, pondweeds, grasses, aquatic insects, mollusks, crustaceans and tadpoles found while foraging in and adjacent to mudflats or while dabbling in shallow water.

Images of the Green-winged Teal Duck in action


Green-winged teal breed from Alaska, across Canada, into the Maritime Provinces, south into central California, Utah, Colorado, Nebraska, Minnesota and Wisconsin. They prefer small, shallow permanent ponds near boreal forests that boast an abundance of emergent vegetation, but also nest in prairie pothole country or in areas with dense emergent vegetation. Female green-winged teal lay an average of 8-9 eggs.


Green-winged teal have an extensive wintering range, having been recorded as far north as Alaska and Newfoundland and as far south as northern South America. They are most abundant along the Mississippi and Central flyways, where the coastal marshes and rice fields of Louisiana and Texas provide ideal habitat. Tidal creeks and freshwater marshes associated with estuaries are favored over more saline or open-water habitats. Green-winged teal are common winter visitors to Central America and the northern Caribbean, and occasionally south to Colombia (Scott and Carbonell, 1986).


From an all-time low of 722,000 birds in 1962, green-winged teal populations have grown steadily since. In 2009, they reached an all-time high of 3.4 million (U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, 2009).

What I Found Most Interesting

I found the population of them to be interesting because of how low it was in 1962 (722,000 birds) then in 2009 it managed to reach an all time high of 3.4 million green-winged teal duck. Also another interesting thing about them is there image. They have green on there wings which is pretty awesome to me. Most ducks don't have the color like this one does. One last thing i found interesting is how female green-winged teal ducks can lay up to 8-9 eggs. That's a lot of ducks! The population of them now has to be maybe in the 4 millions by now. This is a very interesting duck.