ANZAC Info Night!
Come and learn about Australias involvement in World War I
ANZAC Info Night!
Tuesday, Nov. 11th, 9pm
Federation Square, Melbourne, Victoria, Australia
5 major causes of World War 1
- If one country from an alliance agreement went was attacked the others would act to defend them
- Is when a country wants to increase their power and status by bringing other territories under their control
- This refers to the arms race in acquiring the best military and army machinery and forces
- European countries fought to become world empires and superpowers. They wanted to increase their power and status.
5. Assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand
- This was the immediate cause of war. A Serbian nationalist assassinated the Austria Arch Duke. This resulted in Austria declaring war on Serbia.
Australia’s involvement in WW1
- When the British declared war on Germany many Australian troops were enthusiastic to go to war to assist our Mother Country
- They fought on the Western Front in France and in Gallipoli
Australia on the Western Front 1914- 1918
- By 1916 Australia had recruited enough soldiers to replace the losses at ANZAC
- The Australian force was later transferred to the Western Front in France (towards the end of the war)
- By July and August 1916 the Australian troops were heavily involved in the Western Front
- The aim in Gallipoli was to help Britain’s naval operations which wanted to force the Dardanelles Strait and capture the Turkish capital, Constantinople
- On 25 April, the Australian soldiers landed at was is now known as Anzac Cove
Gallipoli cost Australia 26,111 casualties and 8,141 deaths
Impact at home
- Families were second guessing their sons, husbands, friends decision to go to war because they were bring informed about the tragic events occurring and the number of casualties and deaths
- Most trade was cancelled to Germany and Austria- Hungry
- The war period saw more women involvement in industrial employment as the men were not at home to keep the industrial sector running
- The government dropped a referendum, asking the population to vote on the issue of conscription
Significance of ANZCA day to Australians
- “National day of remembrance and first landing of the Anzacs at Gallipoli.”
- It is the day were families and friends remember, mourn and celebrate the brave Australia troops of WW1
- It is the day were veterans of WW1 remember their brothers and are celebrated for their bravery and commitment to their country
- Australians today reminisce the days of the ‘Great War’
- As a nation we respect and remember the Anzacs and at 11.00 on the 11/11 we have one minute silence to reflect on the past of WW1