4 climate regions of Africa

Tropical rainforest, Savanna, Semiarid, and Desert.

Tropical Rainforest

Temperature: Constantly ranging between 70 and 90 degrees Fahrenheit.

Animals/Wildlife: A few ungulates ( hoofed animal such as horses, cattle, and deer ) because of the deadly tse-tse fly.

Type of Vegetations/Plants: Fruits, nuts, seeds, leaves, and flowers are all types of vegetation in the Tropical Rainforest.

Amount of Rainfall: More than 60 inches of rain per year, with at least 2 inches fall every month.

Location: Cover 8% of Africa and are located primarily along the Equator in West Africa.


Temperature: Varies

Animals: Huge herds of migrating ungulates ( hoofed animals such as zebras, gazelles, and giraffes) and large predator that feed on them, such as lions and cheetahs.

Type of vegetations/plants: Tall, thick, rich grasses and flowering plants ( during raining period only ) . During dry season, all but, the strongest trees and bushes die, except in the wooded Savanna, forests survive year round.

Amount of rainfall: Rains for 4-8 month long.

Location: Spreading north and south from the rainforest belt.


Temperature: A very hot daytime temperature for most of the year, as high as 110 degrees Fahrenheit.

Animal/Wildlife: Fauna ( animal life ), such as tortoises and camels, survives in the grasslands by developing ways to find or store water.

Vegetation/Plants: The Semiarid region supports a well adapted flora : thorny bushes that grow small waxy leaves; tufts of scattered , stumpy grasses that can become thick in the years with strong rainy seasons and hearty trees that can survive through droughts.

Amount of Rainfall: It has a seasonal rainfall of 10 to 20 inches per year.

Location: Semi Arid is located between the Savanna and deserts.


Temperature: Daytime desert temperatures are higher than 100 degrees Fahrenheit and sometimes as high as 140 degrees.

Animal/Wildlife: Some animals are nocturnal ( active at night ) in order to take advantage of cooler night temperatures. Other animals survive by moving between scattered water sources during the day.
Vegetation/Plants: In the Kalahari desert, flora is limited to hardy plants that has adapted to the lack of moisture. Trees and thick bushes are located at rare water holes.

Amount of Rainfall: Less than 10 inches of rainfall per year.

Location: Located in the north and south cutting off the interior of the continent from the northern and southern coasts. Vast stretches of the Namib and Sahara Deserts have no animal life at all and are instead covered with rock or soft shifting sands.