Comparisons of world religion

Maggie Grace Dill

Christianity

  • Started with Jesus christ
  • Believe in one God
  • Basic beliefs: their is only one God, who watches over and cares fire hoe people, Jesus christ was the son of God he died to save humanity from sin hils death and resurrection made eternal life possible for others
  • Originated in Judea (present dat Israel)
  • Started bout 2000 years ago
  • Parable: 25And behold, a lawyer stood up to put him to the test, saying, "Teacher, what shall I do to inherit eternal life?" 26 He said to him, "What is written in the law? How do you read?" 27 And he answered, "You shall love the Lord your God with all your heart, and with all your soul, and with all your strength, and with all your mind; and your neighbor as yourself." 28 And he said to him, "You have answered right; do this, and you will live." 29 But he, desiring to justify himself, said to Jesus, "And who is my neighbor?" 30 Jesus replied, "A man was going down from Jerusalem to Jericho, and he fell among robbers, who stripped him and beat him, and departed, leaving him half dead. 31 Now by chance a priest was going down that road; and when he saw him he passed by on the other side. 32 So likewise a Levite, when he came to the place and saw him, passed by on the other side. 33 But a Samaritan, as he journeyed, came to where he was; and when he saw him, he had compassion, 34 and went to him and bound up his wounds, pouring on oil and wine; then he set him on his own beast and brought him to an inn, and took care of him. 35 And the next day he took out two denarii and gave them to the innkeeper, saying, `Take care of him; and whatever more you spend, I will repay you when I come back.' 36 Which of these three, do you think, proved neighbor to the man who fell among the robbers?" 37 He said, "The one who showed mercy on him." And Jesus said to him, "Go and do likewise."
  • 2billion people world wide
  • Christianity was spread by a missionary named Paul. He went out into the world and told people about Jesus Christ
  • The Bible is their holy book
  • Jesus and God Moses and Abraham were considered holy
  • Origination: Adventist, Baptist, Catholic, Church of Christ Latter-day Saint, Easter Orthodox, Episcopal, Lutheran, Methodist, Presbyterian, Unitarian, Christian scientist, Disciples of Christ, Jehovah witnesses, Quaker, United Church of Christ.

Hinduism

  • No founder for Hinduism
  • Three main Gods: Brahma, Vishun, and shiva
  • Basic beliefs: the soul never dies, but is continually reborn, persons achieve happiness and engilightenment after they free themselves from theirselves from their earthly desire
  • Originated in India
  • Been around since 1800 BC
  • Parable: THE EXPERT PLASTERER; There is a story about an the expert craftsmanship of a plasterer who worked on the construction of the Taj Mahal. One of the top directors of the construction was inspecting the building in progress and noticed for three days in a row a certain plasterer who was sitting in the same place mixing plaster. On the third day the inspector became angry and said, "Why are you still simply sitting and mixing this plaster? You are so lazy!" The man who was mixing the plaster also became very angry, and he threw a handful of his plaster at the inspector. The plaster missed the inspector but landed on a wall. The plaster was so well mixed, however, so solid and hard, that no one could get it off the wall, and it is still there today. MORAL: We must do everything nicely in Krsna's service
  • 820 million people world wide
  • Traders coming to India
  • No one holy book. Scared text including the Vedas, and the Puranas
  • Guru, holy men and Brahma priest were considered holy.
  • Origination:Shaiva, Vaishnava, Shakta, Smarta

Maps of the religions

Buddhism

  • Started with the Buddha
  • The Buddha did not teach a personal deity
  • Beliefs: persons achieve complete peace and happiness (nirvana) by eliminating their attachment to worldly things, nirvana is reached by following the Noble Eightfold path: right views, right resolve,right speech, right conduct,right livelihood, right effort, right mindfulness, and right concentration,
  • Started in northern India
  • Buddhism Is now 2,500 years old
  • Parable: Relying on Joy; At the time of Buddha, there lived an old beggar woman called "Relying on Joy". She used to watch the kings, princes, and people making offerings to Buddha and his disciples, and there was nothing she would have liked more than to be able to do the same. So she went out begging, but at the end of a whole day all she had was one small coin. She took it to the oil-merchant to try to buy some oil. He told her that she could not possibly buy anything with so little. But when he heard that she wanted it to make an offering to Buddha, he took pity on her and gave her the oil she wanted. She took it to the monastery, where she lit a lamp. She placed it before Buddha, and made this wish:"I have nothing to offer but this tiny lamp. But through this offering, in the future may I be blessed with the lamp of wisdom. May I free all beings from their darkness. May I purify all their obstructions, and lead them to enlightenment."
    That night the oil in all the other lamps went out. But the beggar woman's lamp was still burning at dawn, when Buddha's disciple Maudgalyayana came to collect all the lamps. When he saw that one was still alight, full of oil and with a new wick, he thought,"There's no reason why this lamp should still be burning in the day time," and he tried to blow it out. But it kept on burning. He tried to snuff it out with his fingers, but it stayed alight. He tried to smother it with his robe, but still it burned on. The Buddha had been watching all along, and said,"Maudgalyayana, do you want to put out that lamp? You cannot. You cannot even move it, let alone put it out. If you were to pour the water from all ocean over this lamp, it still wouldn't go out. The water in all the rivers and the lakes of the world could not extinguish it. Why not? Because this lamp was offered with devotion and with purity of heart and mind. And that motivation has made it of tremendous benefit." When Buddha had said this, the beggar woman approached him, and he made a prophesy that in the future she would become a perfect buddha, call "Light of the Lamp."
    So it is our motivation, good or bad, that determines the fruit of our actions.
  • 362 million people world wide.
  • The Indian emperor Asoka greatly strengthened Buddhism by his support and sent Buddhist missionaries as far afield as Syria.
  • No one book- scarcer texts including the Dhammapada
  • Buddha, scholars, and teachers were considered holy