CANADA IN 2050

By Tar Lau

Introduction

This report is made to explain and talk about the current demography, birth rate and death rate, and the first nation community of Canada. I will also be talking about my predictions on how Canada would be like in 2050.

IMMIGRATION

For our current year(2014), Canada is allowing 240 000 to 265 000 new immigrants to settle here. For the population of Canada, it has increased a lot from the past years and is still increasing. In the picture below, it shows the population for years 1996, 2006 and 2011. It also shows how many people from each province of Canada has increased from those given years. There are many pull factors such as, free health care, good education, many job opportunities, multi cultural, rights and freedom. Some push factors Canada have are high taxes and climate. In 2050, i predict that Canada will be trying to bring as much people as they can. By 2050, the death rate will be high so i believe that Canada would try and bring more and more people so there would be more babies being born. That way the birth rate wouldnt be a lot lower than the death rate. A big pull factor Canada will have is multicultural. We have many different races in Canada and Canada allows many new immigrants to the country. I think a big push factor Canada will have are taxes. Our taxes are rising and everything is getting more expensive, by 2050, everything will be at high prices.
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DEMOGRAPHY

The population of Canada was estimated as 35,158,300 on july 1, 2013. The birth rate in 2013 was 10.28/1000 population. The death rate in 2013 was 8.2/1000 population. The natural increase rate is positive 2.08 because there are more births than deaths. In 2050, the population will reach up to 40 million. i predict that the death rate will be a lot higher than the birth rate because of the baby boomer. Because of the baby boomer, the natural increase went up to 339 000. By 2050, the children that were born between the years of the baby boomer will be 80 to 90 years old. All the baby boomers will be at their age of high mortality meaning the death rate will be really high predict that the death rate will be a lot higher than the birth rate because of the baby boomer. Because of the baby boomer, the natural increase went up to 339 000. The graph below shows how in the years between the baby boom(1946-1966), the births per year is rising. By 2050, the children that were born between the years of the baby boomer will be 80 to 90 years old. All the baby boomers will be at their age of high mortality meaning the death rate will be really high.
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First Nations

First Nations are the status and non status indian people in Canada. They have the biggest population in the aboriginal history. Currently, there are 617 First Nation communities. There are more than 50 nations or cultural groups with 50 different aboriginal languages. In 2050, i believe that the population of the first nations would be larger because from year 2006 to 2011, the first nation population has increased by 22.9%, which is 156 525 people. Between those years, the increase of status indians went up 13.7 percent. The increase of non-status indians went up by 61.3 percent. This shows that there isn't a lot of people with proof to show they are actually first nations, they consider themselves as first nations while status indians have registered with proof. i think the status indian rate will go down and the non status indian rate will go up, because by 2050, the older first nations wouldn't still be living but the first nation birth rate will go up, so more people will consider themselves as first nation because of there older family history.
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Baby boomer

In this video, it talks about how in year 2006 to 2011, the age group 60 to 64 years old has increased by 29.1%. It has increased this much because of the baby boomer(demography). The baby boomer was said to be year 1946 to 1966. By 2206 to 2011, the children from the baby boomer will be at ages 60 to 65 years old. This shows that there are many people entering the elderly age and by 2050, they will be at their age of high mortality.
Census 2011: Canada's demographic shift

Conclusion

That is what I predictions on 2050 will be like. I predict that the immigration rate will be high, the death rate will be high because of the baby boomer, and explained why I believe that the non-status indian rate will be higher than the status indian rate for the first nations.