Sodium

By Sol Hong & Sruthi Boppuri

Role of Nutrient

Sodium is an electrolyte meaning that it controls the fluid levels in the body. It also regulates and controls blood pressure and blood volume. Sodium facilitates muscle contractions and cell transmission.

Consequences

Insufficient amount of Sodium:
  • Fainting
  • Nausea
  • Headaches
  • Dizziness
These are all symptoms of a condition called hyponatremia.


Excessive Amount of Sodium:

  • High blood pressure
  • Increased risk of heart disease
  • Increased risk of strokes
  • A serious build up of fluid in people with congestive heart failure, cirrhosis, or kidney disease
  • Can cause hypertension

Major Sources of Sodium

  • Salt, Baking soda/powder
  • Sauces and salad dressings
  • Meat/Fish
  • Cheese
  • Fast Food
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