Civil War : Underground Railroad
The underground railroad was a secret journey to freedom. It was a way for slaves to escape slavery.
The underground railroad was not underground nor was it a railroad. It was called "underground" because of its secretive nature and railroad because it was an emerging form of transportation. The underground railroad was the term used to describe a network of persons who helped escaped slaves on their way to freedom in the northern states or canada.
The underground railroad provided hiding places, food, and often transportation for the fugitives who were trying to escape slavery. Along the way, people also provided directions for the safest way to get further north on the dangerous journey to freedom
How was it like?
You can imagine what it was like to walk for days in the wood's to be hungry and cold. To be afraid of being caught. You can imagine what it was like to be hidden in a box hidden in a box or under a load of hay. You can imagine how scared you would be if you were wearing a disguise while you were riding on a train or boat, worrying all the while that someone would discover that you were a runaway. And you can imagine how relieved and glad you would feel when you made it safely to freedom and knew that you would never again be a slave.
The Underground Railroad started in the 1820's and ended in the 1862's. The Underground Railroad was compromised of dozens of secret routes and safe houses. The Underground Railroad also included the smuggling of fugitive slaves onto ships that carried them to ports in the North or outside of the United States.
slaves where either captured and returned or prosecuted
Harriet Tubman was one of the most famous conductors.
Slaves would escape to free land during the night . They would often get caught.