Social-Emotional Develpoment

Birth to two


  • Refers to the quality and intensity of emotional reactions.
  • Factors as passivity, irritability, and activity patterns.
  • Passivity relates to how actively children are of surroundings.
  • All infants need loving attention.
  • Some babies cry all the time.
  • Activity Patterns levels of movement.


  • Strong emotional connection that develops between people.
  • Mainly become attached to people who care for them.
  • Learn when they are wet or hungry, etc.
  • Infants care for and respond to certain people.
  • Shows sign of Anxiety.
  • Separation anxiety is child protests for a caregiver.
  • Child between 9 and 18 months.

Changes over Time

  • Happens during the first 2 years after birth.
  • Trust develops when there is predictability.
  • They will feel safe and happy

Birth-3 months

  • Do not have very refined emotions.
  • Distress is shown by crying.
  • Observing a child in this stage noticed no tears.
  • Show excitement by looking alert or smiling.

3-6 months

  • Respond to people with smiles and laughter.
  • May make happy sounds as adults play with them.
  • Notice other smiling infants.
  • Crying still shows distress ,but tears become to show.
  • Different cries to signal different types of distress.

6-12 months

  • Become actively involved with their caregivers.
  • Make sounds in response to speech of others.
  • Develop fear and attachment become to show.
  • May cry pr show anger when caregiver leaves.
  • Separation anxiety becomes to show.
  • Will continue until 14 to 16 months of age.

12-24 months

  • Still show separation anxiety and becomes upset.
  • More interested in exploring although shows fear.
  • Like to play with other children, but do not interact much.
  • More aware of their abilities like joy or proud.
  • Need to be kinda firm with them at this point.
  • Must tell them about rules and may reassure their wants.