Travel to Canada Today!

Canada's environmental issues, government, and history

Canada's Environmental Issues

Acid rain, over extraction of natural resources, and timber are a few of the things that are causing harm to Canada's environment. Acid rain has caused a negative impact on the Great Lakes. Acid rain causes the lake's acidity level to rise. It is hard for living plants and animals to survive in areas of increased acidity. Acid rain can also deplete calcium deposits in the lakes. It can lower the amount of calcium in the soil near the lake, which can throw the whole ecosystem off balance. Timber is an important natural resource in Canada, however many people are concerned that logging is destroying the environment. Many people believe that logging and clear-cutting put wildlife in danger and destroy forests. This is bad, because the forests provide oxygen and filter chemicals in the air. Clear-cutting can also reduce water quality and cause erosion. Over extraction of natural resources also play a big role in Canada's environment. Mining is a huge industry in Canada. Unfortunately, digging and blasting with heavy machinery has caused damage to the surrounding Canadian shield. The mining also disrupts the ecosystem, and releases chemicals into the air that can cause acid rain.

The Canadian Government

Canada is a constitutional monarchy, parliamentary democracy, and a federation. Queen

Elizabeth the second is Canada's head of state, however the Constitution places limits on her powers. Canada's government is broken down into three parts: the Head of State (the Queen), the selected Senate, and the elected House of Commons. Canada is a federation not to be confused with a confederation, which is an association of sovereign states. Because the monarch doesn't live in Canada, he/she chooses a Governor General to stand in for him/her. More power belongs to the Prime Minister than the monarch or the Governor General. Canada is a constitutional monarchy, because although it has a monarch, the constitution places limits on what the monarch can and can't do. Canada is also a parliamentary democracy, a system of government in which the executive power lies within a cabinet made of members of the legislature that elect a leader. The leader, in this case the Prime Minister, works closely with the legislature. Canada is a federation, which means Canada has a federal system of government. This means that Canada's power is divided equally among the central government and the regional government. Canadian citizens over the age of eighteen have the freedom to vote. Voting is not required by law. Citizens vote for members of the House of Commons. The leader of the party with the most elected members of Parliament becomes the Prime Minister. Basically, the citizens indirectly elect the Prime Minister. Citizens have many personal freedoms including legal rights, equality rights, language rights, and fundamental freedoms.

Quebec's Independence Movement

The Province of Quebec is located in eastern Canada. In the early 1900's, French Canadian families had been living in Canada for many years. They had differences in culture than the British Canadians. The English language was becoming more common and the French language was becoming less common. Many people were choosing to leave their farms and move to the city. French Canadians living in Quebec were concerned that their culture and background was fading. They were sick of feeling discriminated and being treated like second class citizens. Many French Canadians began thinking about breaking away from Canada and becoming their own country. People who wanted Quebec to break away from Canada were known as separatists. Today, Quebec is still a part of Canada, however many citizens in Quebec still think that Quebec should secede from Canada. While separating from Canada may preserve Quebec's language and culture, it could do some heavy damage to the economy. Both Canada and Quebec would experience economic disasters. Some people claim that the secession of Quebec would destroy Canada's national unity. The government of Quebec decided to let their citizens decide whether they should remain Canadian or not. Citizens have voted in the years 1980 and 1995.. In both years, the votes have been extremely close. The government of Canada has been trying very hard to keep Quebec a part of Canada. Quebec is important to Canada's economy with its rich natural resources and its waterway access. Canada even passed The Constitution Act which made Canada a bilingual country. Unfortunately for them, many Quebecois are still unhappy with the way that they are treated. Currently, Quebec remains to be a part of Canada, but it is up to Quebec citizens if they are going to secede or remain a part of Canada.
Big image

The above map shows the areas in Canada that are the most sensitive to acid rain

Shown Below is a flow chart on how Canada's Government is broken down

Big image
Big image

Shown above are citizens in Quebec in favor of breaking away from Canada.