Travel to Canada Today!
Canada's environmental issues, government, and history
Canada's Environmental Issues
The Canadian Government
Elizabeth the second is Canada's head of state, however the Constitution places limits on her powers. Canada's government is broken down into three parts: the Head of State (the Queen), the selected Senate, and the elected House of Commons. Canada is a federation not to be confused with a confederation, which is an association of sovereign states. Because the monarch doesn't live in Canada, he/she chooses a Governor General to stand in for him/her. More power belongs to the Prime Minister than the monarch or the Governor General. Canada is a constitutional monarchy, because although it has a monarch, the constitution places limits on what the monarch can and can't do. Canada is also a parliamentary democracy, a system of government in which the executive power lies within a cabinet made of members of the legislature that elect a leader. The leader, in this case the Prime Minister, works closely with the legislature. Canada is a federation, which means Canada has a federal system of government. This means that Canada's power is divided equally among the central government and the regional government. Canadian citizens over the age of eighteen have the freedom to vote. Voting is not required by law. Citizens vote for members of the House of Commons. The leader of the party with the most elected members of Parliament becomes the Prime Minister. Basically, the citizens indirectly elect the Prime Minister. Citizens have many personal freedoms including legal rights, equality rights, language rights, and fundamental freedoms.