Holocaust

By: Abby Green, Reagan Webb, Jordy Gleason

Adolf Hitler

Adolf Hitler was a politician and created the Nazi party. He was the leader of the Nazi party from 1933-1945. After WWI, he broke the Treaty of Versailles by re-militarizing Germany, invaded the Rhineland which was demilitarized by the terms of the Treaty and stopped paying war reparations ordered by the Treaty. Hitler gained support of people by using propaganda and promising hope, food, and healthcare to various countries in need, as long as they agreed to joined forces with him.

General Facts

- The holocaust was the genocide (mass killing) of the Jewish people, homosexuals, gypsies, disabled people, people with mental illnesses, and people he felt racially inferior to.

- Ironically, Hitler had this perfect human race in his mind, the Aryan race, (blonde hair, blue eyes) and if you didn't meet the look of an Aryan, you were killed by the Nazi soldiers. Yet he didn't meet the Aryan Race description himself.

- One of the most famous ways to kill people during the holocaust was through medical experiments preformed by Dr. Josef Mengele and any Nazi soldier that Dr.Mengele taught his practices to, and through gas chambers.

- The most violent concentration camp, and most famous, was Auschwitz in Poland, where nearly 190,000 people were killed.

Concentration Camps

- There are 751 known concentration camps that were used during the holocaust

- 5.5 million Jewish people were killed in the camps.

- Death camps are where the Jewish people were sent, after they were taken from the ghettos they were put in by the German soldiers. They were not allowed to bring anything with them but some brought what little food they had. They got to the death camps by cattle cars that had way too many people in them at one time. Some would die on the way to the camps from dehydration, or being starved to death. The cattle cars were so crowded that they could not sit for the four day ride, people were forced to use the cattle cars that they had to stay in as bathrooms. When they got to the death camps they were separated into two groups, women and children together and men. Families were broken up and most likely that was the last time that you saw your loved ones.

- In death camps the prisoners were starved to death, and slept in small rooms on the hard floor or multiple people would stack onto bunk beds made from shelves and hay.

Nazi Soldiers

The Nazi Soldiers reined from 1933–1945
Their motto was "Ein Volk, ein Reich, ein Führer" in English that translates to "One People, one Reich, one Leader"

They were taken from their homes on Sundays at a young age and were brainwashed by Hitlers propaganda, their parents had no idea what they were being taught. They were taught to have judgment over people that were not the "perfect human" and that those people needed to be killed and not to have feeling about what they were doing.

Nazi eugenics

Nazi eugenics were the Nazi's racially based social policies that placed the improvement and expandment of the Aryan race. The people targeted by this policy were identified as "life unworthy of life", or in simpler terms, people not worthy of living, included criminals, degenerates (immoral people), slow-minded people, homosexuals, insane people, and people who were disabled, for elimination from the chain of heredity, in other words, killed so they couldn't have kids like themselves.
More than 400,000 people were taken against their will to concentration camps where medical experiments were preformed on them or they were shot because of these policies.

Medical Experiments

Experiments on twin children in concentration camps were created to show the similarities and differences in the genetics of twins, as well as to see if the human body can be unnaturally manipulated.

Experiments in the Ravensbrück concentration camp were to study bone, muscle, and nerve regeneration, and bone transplantation from one person to another. Sections of bones, muscles, and nerves were removed from the subjects without use of anesthesia. As a result of these operations, many victims suffered intense agony, mutilation, and permanent disability.

Other experiments preformed on prisoners were things like malaria experiments (given the disease and then given different type of treatments to see if they would cure it), sulfur gas experiments (victims skin would be blistered and burned), sea water experiments (given sea water with different chemicals to try and make it drinkable), experiments with poison, and high altitude experiments. Dr. Mengele would also do experiments on pregnant women. If they survived the experimentation they were usually sent to the gas chambers after wards, if the camp that they were at didn't have gas chambers then they were shot.

Anne Frank

Annelies "Anne" Marie Frank (June 12th 1929 – early March 1945) is one of the most discussed Jewish victims of the Holocaust. Born in the city of Frankfurt in Weimar Germany, she lived most of her life in or near Amsterdam, in the Netherlands. Born a German citizen, Frank lost her citizenship in 1941. She gained international fame after her diary was published. It documents her experiences hiding during the German occupation of the Netherlands in World War II.
In her diary she wrote, "Despite everything, I believe that people are really good at heart."

Essential questions

1. why did people so willingly follow Hitler?
2. what did Hitler do to get childern to become Nazi soliers?

Videos

Oprah and Elie Weisel at Auscwitz Part 1
Twin Holocaust survivors describe arriving at Auschwitz
Medical Experimentation: The Untold Story of the Holocaust
The Holocaust in color Nazi rising terror and concentration camps