By: Jenna Von Ruden
Three Civil Rights Amendments
There were three major amendments added to the constitution during the reconstruction. The 13th amendment ratified in 1865 was one of the amendments that was added during the reconstruction period, it got rid of slavery. The second that was added was the 14th amendment which guaranteed the rights and security of freed people was ratified in 1868. The last that was added during this era was the 15th amendment ratified in 1870. The purpose of adding this one was to guarantee federal voting.
President Lincoln: Abraham Lincoln had some very interesting plans for the reconstruction. His plan was called the Ten Percent Plan. He wanted to replace the majority rule with loyal rule in the south. He also wanted the union to stay together as one. He really didn't talk to congress about his plan. He wanted the civil war to be over completely. He pardon all but the highest ranked military officers.
President Johnson: Andrew Johnson went a completely different route for reconstruction from Lincolns plan. Johnson had a plan called the Ten Percent Plus Plan. He agreed with the north that the southern states never really left the union. He offered amnesty upon simple oath to all except confederate civil and military officers and those with property over 20,000 dollars. He also put governors in charge of watching over the conventions.
Congress: Congress wanted to help the southerns. One thing the congress did was make the freedom Bureau. They wanted to add to the people with out homes and the people that were having problems. They wanted the union to remain together as well. They passed many laws trying to help the African Americans out. They impeached President Johnson because they didn't agree with his plans on how to fix the problems.
The Black Codes
The black codes are just like another name for slavery in many ways. it guaranteed stable labor supply now that the blacks were emancipated. It also restored the pre-emancipated system of race relations. They basically restricted the freed blacks from doing certain things that they should be able to do. Andrew Johnson was the one to enforce these black codes. These codes forced many blacks to have to sharecrop.