The Reconstruction

By: Jenna Von Ruden

Three Civil Rights Amendments

There were three major amendments added to the constitution during the reconstruction. The 13th amendment ratified in 1865 was one of the amendments that was added during the reconstruction period, it got rid of slavery. The second that was added was the 14th amendment which guaranteed the rights and security of freed people was ratified in 1868. The last that was added during this era was the 15th amendment ratified in 1870. The purpose of adding this one was to guarantee federal voting.

Reconstruction Plans

President Lincoln: Abraham Lincoln had some very interesting plans for the reconstruction. His plan was called the Ten Percent Plan. He wanted to replace the majority rule with loyal rule in the south. He also wanted the union to stay together as one. He really didn't talk to congress about his plan. He wanted the civil war to be over completely. He pardon all but the highest ranked military officers.

President Johnson: Andrew Johnson went a completely different route for reconstruction from Lincolns plan. Johnson had a plan called the Ten Percent Plus Plan. He agreed with the north that the southern states never really left the union. He offered amnesty upon simple oath to all except confederate civil and military officers and those with property over 20,000 dollars. He also put governors in charge of watching over the conventions.

Congress: Congress wanted to help the southerns. One thing the congress did was make the freedom Bureau. They wanted to add to the people with out homes and the people that were having problems. They wanted the union to remain together as well. They passed many laws trying to help the African Americans out. They impeached President Johnson because they didn't agree with his plans on how to fix the problems.

The Black Codes

The black codes are just like another name for slavery in many ways. it guaranteed stable labor supply now that the blacks were emancipated. It also restored the pre-emancipated system of race relations. They basically restricted the freed blacks from doing certain things that they should be able to do. Andrew Johnson was the one to enforce these black codes. These codes forced many blacks to have to sharecrop.

Racism and Discrimination

There were many different types of racism and discrimination during the civil war. People were very racism against the black people still. The white men discriminated against them by trying to segreate them and make them have different school and bus systems. Black men now had voting rights, but women still did not. The Ku Klux Klan really was out to get the blacks. It was a group of white men that mostly just terrorized everything of the black man. The black people wouldn't even have to do anything to get treated badly by this group. Different African Americans would try and speak up and fight for there rights, but nothing really ended this discrimination against them.

The End of an Era

The event that ended the reconstruction was the Compromise of 1877. It was an unwritten deal. The compromise had a few different parts to it. The first was to get all of the troops out of the south. The second was to appointed one southern demarcate. The next was to construct a second continental railroad. The last was to help the industries in the south.