Bulimia

Betsy Martinez October 16, 2015 Health-2

Beauty has no standards

what is Bulimia?

Bulimia is a serious eating disorder marked by binging, followed by methods to avoid weight gain.

Background/ Information

up to 30million people of all ages and genders suffer from an eating disorder

About 13million Americans with eating disorders binge eat

bulimia is more common in women than men

10 million women battle anorexia or bulimia

1 million men battle anorexia or bulimia

80% of 10year olds are afraid of being fat

42% of all 1st-3rd grade girls want to be thinner

People who suffer from bulimia are more likely to admit and accept they have a problem and accept help

only 1 in 10 men and women receive treatment

eating disorders have the highest mortality rate out of any mental disorder

3.9% mortality rate

Causes

The causes behind developing bulimia are:

The fear of getting fat

Striving to lose weight but getting addicted to weight loss

Diet and Physical exertion

Weight loss

Hormonal and psychological changes (amenhorrea)

Depression, cognititve disorders

Symptoms

Behavioral-Binge eating, Vomiting after overeating, compulsive behavior, self harm


Gastrointestinal- constipation, heartburn, inflamed esophagus


Whole body - dehydration, fatigue, food aversion, hunger


Sensory - abnormal taste, reduced sense of taste, sensitivity to cold


Mood- anger, anxiety, guilt, mouth, bad breath, cavities, dryness


Psychological- depression, fear

Effects on the body

  • tooth decay
  • tooth loss
  • stomach acid in vomit eats away the esophagus
  • salivary glands swell
  • imbalanced electrolytes (kidney, intestinal and heart function problems)
  • weight gain
  • abdominal pain
  • affected eye vision
  • scarred hands
  • dry skin
  • irregular heartbeat
  • red eyes
  • fertility problems


If the use of laxatives/diuretics are abused common effects are


  • loss of intestine motility
  • loss ability to produce or move bowels
  • constipation

Getting Better

Ways of getting through an eating disorder is commonly done through therapy or most common and effective of all is going to a rehab/treatment center. These treatment centers strictly prohibit any exercise or form of restriction of eating. They also will give the patients foods with higher calories to get their weight to normal.

A few medications can be prescribed to not completely make the illness go away but to simply reduce the symptoms.

Understanding Bulimia (College Health Guru)