WWII

Shreya, Jacob, Nick, Noble, Kyle

Flying Tigers

Who- Colonel Claire Chennault-An outspoken advocate of "pursuit" (as fighter planes were called then), in an Army Air Force dominated by strategic bomber theorists


The Flying Tigers were a group of American fighter pilots that flew for China in the early part of 1942. They were actually called the "American Volunteer Group" (AVG), and achieved good success in their aerial battles against the Japanese. In the summer of 1941, months before America was drawn into World War II by the attack on Pearl Harbor, a small group of American military pilots was secretly being recruited to augment China's Air Force. At the head of this effort was a retired World War I Army Air Corps fighter pilot who had been hired by China to strengthen the Chinese Air Force. Because America was not at war with Japan, great care was taken to avoid bringing into question this nation's token neutrality. As a result, these volunteer pilots were required to resign their commissions with the US military, travel to China as civilians and enlist in the Chinese Air Force.

Battle of Midway

  • June 4-7, 1942
  • Japanese had planned to capture a strategic island in the middle of the Pacific Ocean, home to an American military base. The Japanese wanted to lure the American's into a battle they were sure to lose. American's had broken the Japanese code though, so they could understand the messages. American admiral Chester Nimitz planned an effective defense and it worked perfectly, with the US destroying 4 Japanese aircraft carriers and winning a great victory.
  • Turning point of the Pacific war, in which Japan attempted to attack Midway but was repelled with heavy losses, proving the advantage offered by aircraft carriers over destroyers.

Battle of the Bulge


  • December 16, 1944-January 25, 1945
  • After recapturing France, the Allied advance became stalled along the German border. In the winter of 1944, Germany staged a massive counterattack in Belgium and Luxembourg which pushed a 30 mile "bulge" into the Allied lines. The Allies stopped the German advance and threw them back across the Rhine with heavy losses.
  • The largest and deadliest battle for U.S. troops to date, with more than 80,000 American casualties.
  • Allied victory and heavy losses for Germany; race to Berlin had begun

Battle of Coral Sea

  • May 4-8, 1942
  • A major naval battle in the Pacific Theater of World War II between the Imperial Japanese Navy and naval and air forces from the United States and Australia.
  • The battle was the first naval engagement in history in which the participating ships never sighted or fired directly at each other. Instead, manned aircraft acted as the offensive artillery for the ships involved.

Italian Campaign

  • 1943-1945
  • The Allies wanted to establish a position in Italy so they could attach the German territories and resources and relieve the Soviet Union from the German advance. The secondary purpose was to tie up German forces that might be used to resist the channel invasion. The captured airfields in Italy were of great importance in the strategic bombing of Germany territories, such as the oil fields in Polesti. Churchill and many commanders didn't think the Germans would defend Italy and assumed the campaign would be completed by end of 1944. There were even plans to move the troops around Alps and into Vienna.
  • German forces surrendered in Italy in May 1945

North African Front

  • June 10,1940 – May 13,1943
  • Axis vs. Allied Leaders
  • It included campaigns fought in the Libyan and Egyptian deserts
  • The campaign was fought between the Allies and Axis powers, many of whom had colonial interests in Africa dating from the late 19th century. The Allied war effort was dominated by the British Commonwealth, and exiles from German-occupied Europe. The US entered the war in 1941 and began direct military assistance in North Africa on 11 May 1942.

Stalingrad

  • 1942-1943
  • When German forces were defeated in their attempt to capture an industrial port city on the Volga River in the Soviet Union; one of the most deadly battles of wwii; crushing defeat for Germany
  • Another turning point in the war, along with Allied victories in North Africa; crushing defeat for Hitler and the Nazis

Propaganda Posters

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Homefront

  • Some products that were rationed during World War II were sugar, meat, coffee, typewriters, fuel oil, gasoline, rubber, and automobiles.
  • Each American was issued a book of ration coupons each month. The stamps in each book totaled 48 points each month. Rationed goods were assigned a price and point value. Once they ran out of coupons, they couldn't buy anymore food.
  • As a result, some families planted vegetable gardens which were the main supply of vegetables in the War.
  • Even tennis shoes which had become popular in America were hard to get because that had rubber soles.
  • Civilans had to significantly reduce their meat consumption. The public response to rationing in America varied. Some local boards were guilty of favoritism. Most Americans found rationing only a modest inconvenience.
  • Rosie the Riveter was a fictional character featured in a propaganda created by the U.S. government. She was meant to represent the ideal female worker and help fill the temporary industrial labor shortage caused by the combination of fewer male workers (due to the draft and/or enlistment) and increased production of military equipment and supplies. She was later adopted by women's groups, who were Rosies, and she was proudly embraced as a symbol of strong independent women.


Leaders

Harry S. Truman-


The 33rd President of the United States from 1945 until 1953. Truman took office after the death of Roosevelt. President Truman ordered the Atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki in 1945. After the war he oversaw postwar recovery efforts.

Dropping the Bomb

Short Term Effect- US finally ended WWII.


Long Term Effect- Relationship with Japanese is strained due to bombing of many civilians.

WWII Influence on Entertainment

Throughout World War II, American moviegoers were treated to a steady stream of war-related programming. The movie-going experience included a newsreel, which lasted approximately 10 minutes and was loaded with images and accounts of recent battles, followed by an animated cartoon. While many of these cartoons were entertainingly escapist, some comically caricatured the enemy. Among these titles were “Japoteurs” (1942) featuring Superman, “Der Fuehrer’s Face” (1943) starring Donald Duck, “Confessions of a Nutsy Spy” (1943) with Bugs Bunny, “Daffy the Commando” (1943) with Daffy Duck and “Tokyo Jokie-o” (1943).


Documentaries such as the seven-part “Why We Fight” series, released between 1943 and 1945 and produced and directed by Academy Award-winning filmmaker Frank Capra (1897-1991), included Axis propaganda footage and emphasized the necessity of America’s involvement in the war, as well as the importance of Allied victory.