Benjamin Franklin (January 17, 1706 January 6, 1705][ – April 17, 1790) was one of the Founding fathers of United States . A renowned polymath , Franklin was a leading author, printer, political theorist , politician, freemason, postmaster, scientist, inventor, civic activist, statesman, and diplomat.
Creator of Electricty
Franklin's discoveries resulted from his investigations of electricity . Franklin proposed that "vitreous" and "resinous" electricity were not different types of "electrical fluid " (as electricity was called then), but the same electrical fluid under different pressures. He was the first to label them as positive and negative respectively,[ and he was the first to discover the principle of conversation of charge.