Maritimes Forest

Brittany Liles

About the Maritime Forest

Maritime forest occurs from southeastern Virginia to Florida, and west along the Gulf Coast to east Texas including inland live oak savanna type south central Texas. The topography cuts though glacial valleys by the costal plains along the ocean margin. Igneous and sediment rocks underlie most of the area.

Colluvium and morainal are the main surface materials.

Soils are largely leached, nutrient-poor forest soils.

Ice-free coastal waters associated with the narrow continental shelf and slope. Maritime Forest's they are found along the coastal areas of NC on barrier islands.

They form salt spray, winds and harsh effects of sand striking the leaves and branches

Maritime forests are usually oak, red cedar, holly and pine trees and evergreen shrubs.

the forest forms a woven network and interlocking branches that protects the underbrush. Abiotic factors in the Maritime forest Wind and wave and sand interact with grasses to build dunes. Wave and hurricanes may destroy dunes. Soil in the Maritime forest

The hardwoods species in upland forests varies according to soil moisture conditions (Quarterman and Keever 1962, Monk 1968, Veno 1976, TNC 1993).

The low, flat terrain of the pine-hardwood and mixed hardwood forests favors the establishment of mesophytic hardwoods such as white oak (Quercus alba), swamp laurel oak (Quercus laurifolia), and sweetgum (Liquidambar styraciflua).

These species are able to withstand near-saturated soil conditions (water table within a few cm of soil surface) and periodic inundation during the growing season (spring and summer).

Water in the maritime forest Formation of barrier islands by submergence, beach or dune forms adjacent to shoreline, submergence floods area landward of a ridge.

Rock in the maritime forest igneous and sedimentary

Annual climate-maritime forest losses under climate change from projected sea-level rise.

temperature and precipitation are usually around 50 to 40 degrees fahrenheit the precipitation is low. Maritime climates, are directly influenced by their proximity to large bodies of water, which are tremendous heat sinks. Water absorbs heat during summer and slowly cools in the fall. Cold air that blows across seas, unfrozen lakes and bays in the fall and winter will tend to warm vineyards on the leeward side of the water.

This may extend the growing season, and it may raise mid-winter air temperatures enough to prevent vine damage from low-temperature events.

The depth, surface area, and salinity of these bodies of water will largely determine how much heat they can absorb and release before freezing.

As air temperatures rise in the spring, large bodies of water will warm slower than the surrounding land. Relatively warm air is cooled as it blows over cold water. Animals include Animals

Wolfs

Herring Gull

Mallard

Moose

Beaver

Black Bear

Red-winged Blackbird

Whitetail Deer

Eastern Bluebird

Blue Jay

Raccoon

Blue Whale

Cardinal