The Egypt Entries

By Jaimee Rissman, Jessica Van Tassel, and Sophia Varughese

Waging War

Have you ever wondered how this war started? Well, we have your answer! The answer is . . . Pepi II. He became king when he was 6, which wasn't such a great idea. He ended up living so long, all of his sons died before him, which meant that Nomarchs would eventually have to take over. After he finally died, a Nomarch took over, starting a new dynasty. After the Nomarchs died, everything turned to chaos. Everyone was fighting on who would become king next, and this caused a civil war that lasted for 125 years. Now we have a hero. Mentuhotep II. We have an exclusive interview with him coming up next.
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Interview with the Hero

Everyone in Egypt knew the war had to end at some point in time, but not many people know how it did. Mentuhotep II ended and won the war. How did he do it? He is here with us today to discuss this heroic moment in history and everyone’s daily life now. Mentuhotep told us at the Egypt Entries that his father, Intef III, inspired him to do great things, so he decided to fight for what he wanted and reunited Egypt. He also told us that after he reunited Egypt, he changed the capital from Memphis to Thebes. “I just feel more at home there,” Mentuhotep told us. Finally we asked him, out of all his wives who was his favorite, and he told us Tem, his chief wife. If you want to learn more about Mentuhotep tune in next week on our interview with civilians about his reign.

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Narmer Remembrance

Do you remember the time when Egypt was split into two kingdoms and how it became only one? Narmer was the reason we aren’t split into two separate kingdoms anymore. He united upper and lower Egypt making only one Egypt, and then he became the first pharaoh. That is what he is most known and credited for. He ruled from about 3100–3050 B.C., and his wife was Queen Neithhotep. After he made one Egypt he founded the Northern capital Memphis and its development and buildings were completed by his son Hor-Aha when he got to the throne. We, the Egyptians, should always remember Narmer, because without Narmer, we would still be two separate kingdoms, upper and lower Egypt.

Pyramid Information

Most citizens of Egypt have noticed the giant pyramids in Giza, but do they really know why they are there? As most of you know, the three pyramids are each different sizes, but did you know that all of the pyramids the hold the tombs of three Pharaoh’s? The biggest pyramid holds the tomb of Pharaoh Khufu. Khufu was known to be a heartless ruler during his twenty-three year reign. After Khufu’s death, (from an unknown cause) almost all of the statues of this cold-hearted ruler were destroyed. The main thing that Khufu accomplished was having the Great Pyramid built for him, and this pyramid took twenty-three years to build and contains over two-million stones. After Khufu died, he was put in his tomb inside the pyramid, and his son Khafra took over. Keeping the trend going, Khafra had another pyramid built for him. Later on in history, Khafra’s son, Menkuare, had another pyramid built for him! Those are the pyramids of Giza, so go and see them today!
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Mentuhotep Monday

Win a day with Mentuhotep!

Come tomorrow morning at sunrise to enter yourself in a raffle to win a day with Mentuhotep! The day will start next Monday at 9:00 a.m. and end at 9:00 p.m. You will have 3 meals together and enjoy some planned activities like chariot racing, Nile rafting, and more! Have you ever wanted to feel like a pharaoh? Now you can with a pharaoh right by your side! So come tomorrow morning, right at sunrise, and, you never know, you may be eating lunch with the person who saved our country!

Many will enter, only one will win. Time will be for 12 hours, no longer.

Land for Sale

I have farming land available to purchase! It is about 20 acres and has the best soil around! Always see produce in the store that is way better than the others? That's the produce that comes from my farm. Never floods and always produces the best. This land is a couple miles west of the Great Pyramid of Khufu. Come today to negotiate prices.

Gold Grabbers

Attention all readers! Recent events tell us that the worst crime possible was committed, a tomb robbery. Nobody yet has identified whose tomb it was because the name-plate was broken into pieces, but we do know it was a king after seeing all of the valuables stolen. We also don’t know who did it. The only thing we know is what was stolen because they were dropped outside of the burial room. We think that the person who robbed the tomb was scared of his upcoming fate/death, so he dropped the items and ran. We also identified that the broken name-plate, so that means whoever is buried in that tomb’s afterlife is over because Ra and Ka can’t return to the king’s tomb. Just beware and watch out for anyone that looks suspicious!

Counting Kings

As you know, Mentuhotep wasn’t the only pharaoh that has ever reigned, and in some people’s opinion, might not be the best one of all. Over time, there has been many different pharoah’s besides Mentuhotep such as: King Narmer, Khufu, Khafre, Menkaure, and even Pepi II. Without all of these people historic events might not have happened, such as the great pyramids being built or upper and lower Egypt becoming one. Remembering all of these events and past Pharaohs are very important because without them the Egypt that we live in now would be completely different society. Some of them are good, and some of them are bad. It is believed that Pepi II was a horrible king, and that Mentuhotep II saved the day. Khufu, Khafre, and Menkaure had pyramids built for them, which provides pleasure to them and to the civilians, getting to see the grand site. We have to remember all of these kings, because without having the time of Pepi II, we couldn’t have the amazing country we have today under Mentuhotep II’s rule. Let’s all remember, everything happens for a reason.

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Rocking Recipes

To end, we will show you how to make Egyptian Pita Bread and Tiger Nut Sweets!

Egyptian Pita Bread

(appr. 8 pieces)

– 300 ml finger warm water

– 25 g of fresh yeast

– 500 g spelt flour

– 1/2 tsp salt

In a large bowl, mix yeast with finger warm water. Gradually blend in 400 g of flour mixed with salt. Knead it until the dough is smooth, add flour until it does not stick to the bowl. Turn on the oven to 220 °C. Cover in cloth and put in warm (not hot) place. When the dough has doubled in size, after approximately 40 minutes, knead it firmly on a floured surface for a couple of minutes. Cut in 8 pieces and flatten them to the thickness of a finger. Bake in middle of the oven for 8-10 minutes. A bubble of air will rise in the middle of the bread. Eat when cool.

Tiger Nut Sweets

– 400 g fresh pitted dates

– some water

– 2 tbsp cinnamon powder

– 1/2 tsp cardamom powder

– 4 tbsp roughly chopped walnuts

– a little honey

– 4 tbsp finely chopped almonds

Mash the dates with water to a rough paste. Add cinnamon, cardamom powder and walnuts, blend well. Roll into two balls, coat in honey and sprinkle the finely chopped almonds over them. This is one of few “confirmed” genuine ancient Egyptian food recipes.

We hope you liked this edition of The Egyptian Entries! Tune in next time for more information that you should know!

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ANCIENT EGYPT song by Mr. Nicky - Maroon 5