The 1st and 10th Amendments

Establishing freedoms and powers

The 1st Amendment

The first amendment to the United States Constitution gives the people the freedom of religion, expression, assembly, and the right to petition. These freedoms can not be withheld from any American. "Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof; or abridging the freedom of speech, or of the press; or the right of the people peaceably to assemble, and to petition the government for a redress of grievances."

More facts!!

When the Constitution was first signed, it did not contain the essential freedoms that the Bill of Rights outlines now. This amendment was written because Americans wanted a guarantee of their basic freedoms. Without this amendment, religious minorities could be persecuted, the government could establish a national religion, protesters would be silenced, and the press could not criticize government.

The 10th Amendment

10th Amendment Facts

The 10th Amendment is the last amendment in the Bill of Rights. James Madison wrote this amendment in 1789. This amendment states that the powers that the government does not receive from the Constitution go to the states and the people (not including the powers excluded from the states). The founding fathers did not want America's government to end up like the British government. "The powers not delegated to the United States by the Constitution, nor prohibited by it to the States, are reserved to the States respectively, or to the people."

These Rights

These rights and freedoms are very important to American citizens. These rights do have some restrictions in other countries so we are fortunate to have these rights and freedoms. These freedoms and rights shape what America is.