Maryland

The early history of the Maryland colony.

The Southern Colony of Maryland

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The Maryland Colony was founded in 1633 by George Calvert, Lord Baltimore and other colonists, at Baltimore.

He sought to establish Maryland as a haven for Roman Catholics persecuted in England.

The naming of Maryland

King Charles I of England specified that the name for the new colony was to be called Maryland in honor of his wife, Queen Henrietta Maria.

The English and the Natives

The Native Americans in Maryland were a peaceful people who welcomed the English. They were fearful of the colonists’ guns, but welcomed trade for metal tools. The Native Americans who were living in the location where the colonists first settled were called the Yaocomico Indians.The colonists gave the Yaocomico Indians cloth, hatchets, and hoes in exchange for the right to settle on the land. The Yaocomico Indians allowed the English settlers to live in their houses, a type of longhouse called a witchott. The Indians also taught the colonists how to plant corn, beans, and squash, as well as where to find food such as clams and oysters.