GHB

Psychoactive Drug

About GHB

GHB is a central nervous system depressant, and can be found in a clear liquid, white powder, tablet, or capsule form. It is made from a combination of gamma butyrolactone (GBL) and sodium hydroxide or potassium hydroxide, and its chemical name is gamma-hydroxybutyrate


Classification of GHB

GHB is classified by the federal government as a Schedule I drug


Slang terms and Street Names

    1. Georgia Home Boy
    2. Grievous Bodily Harm
    3. Liquid Ecstasy
    4. Liquid X
    5. G
    6. Caps
    7. Scoop


Ways GHB can be ingested

  1. Snorted
  2. Smoked
  3. Mixed into a drink
  • As it comes as clear liquid or white powder, it can be slipped into a drink, and as a result is considered a “date rape” drug as it usually goes unnoticed


Medicinal Uses of GHB

  1. Used as a prescription sleep-aid
  2. In 2002, approved for treatment of a rare form of narcolepsy



How GHB alters consciousness

It often results in a loss of consciousness, and can also produce hallucinations

Effects of GHB

Psychological: effects are similar to those seen with alcohol. Effects include relaxation, reduced inhibitions, euphoria, confusion, dizziness, drowsiness, sedation, inebriation, agitation, combativeness, and hallucinations.


Physiological: Nausea, vomiting, profuse sweating, somnolence, visual disturbances, nystagmus, loss of peripheral vision, short-term amnesia, uncontrolled shaking or seizures, bradycardia, hypothermia, suppression of gag reflex, respiratory depression, and transient or unarousable unconsciousness.


Duration: Effects generally last 2-5 hours

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Dependence

Severe physical and psychological addiction occurs with chronic abuse. Withdrawal effects include insomnia, anxiety, tremors, and sweating.


A myth about GHB

GHB can be fatal only when mixed with alcohol or other drugs.


  • There are actually many cases involving GHB alone that resulted in death.