The Federal Court System
Supreme court justices, court of appeals justices, and district court judges are nominated by the president and confirmed by the United States Senate. -District Courts: Considered the trial courts of the federal court system. Have jurisdiction to hear nearly all categories of federal cases such as civil and criminal cases. -Court of Appeals: Judical districts are organized into circuits (geographic area of a US court of appeals). Hears appeals from the district courts located within its circuit.
*Appellate Jurisdiction: The authority to hear a case appealed from a lower court.*Original Jurisdiction: The authority to hear a case for the first time.
When someone can hold office for as long as they would like.
Precedent, Opinion and Remand
*Precedent: Model for other judges to follow in making their own decisions on similar cases. *Opinion: Explains the legal thinking behind the court's decisions in the case. *Remand: Sending the case back to the lower court to be tried again.
8. Overview of the Federal Court System