Vietnam War

The civil conflict that shook the world.

Basic Overview

The Vietnam War, starting in 1955 and ending in 1975, was the revolution for Vietnam to launch itself into a systematic and prosperous nation. This roughly 20 year war started by the country and its people being overruled by the Japanese and the French since the mere beginning of its existence. The country split into two factions, the Vietminh which would later be called the Vietcong and the Republic of South Vietnam.

The Vietnam War started because of...

  • Communism; like the nations surrounding Vietnam. Half of the Vietnamese population wanted to become communist, the other half wanted to become a republic. The South also did not want to be ruled by someone who was royalty, like the North.
  • Religion; Northern Vietnam's ideals did not match with the Buddhist values of the South.
  • Planning; The North wanted a more powerful and rich nation, while the South preferred to stay humble.
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Precursor Events

  • French Colonization (Late 1800s into early 1900s): The French had invaded Vietnam, occupying it under the name of Indochina. They left after Japanese invaded in 1940.
  • Japanese Occupation: Throughout WWII, the Japanese had occupied Vietnam as well as other nations. At the end of WWII in 1947, the French invaded again.
  • France Returns: The French returned in 1947, which ended up being the start of the three part war which we call the Vietnam war. The first part, which was the First Indochina War, started in 1947 and ended in 1954, one year before the true beginning of war in which the nation actually split in 1955.

Important People of the Vietnam War

Bao Dai

He was the decoy emperor placed by the French. He ruled over Vietnam during the first Indochina war until he was overthrown.

Ho Chin Minh

Ho Chin Minh was a Vietnamese Nationlist who led the Vietminh in the north. He started the uprising against the French and South Vietnam during the Indochina War.

Ngo Dihm Diem

Aided the United States and was an activist for the Republic of South Vietnam. He was against Ho Chin Minh and the North and later became the president of the Republic of South Vietnam.

Dwight D. Eisenhower

Was the American president between 1953 to 1961. He was a lifetime military man who even fought in WWII. However, he did not believe in the Vietnam war and was very popular among young Americans. He did not send troops to Vietnam, he did however, send medical aid to the French in Vietnam.

John F. Kennedy

Was the American president between 1961 through 1963. He made some notable speeches about the war, including his speech on "The Domino Theory". He was very against communism and believed in overthrowing the North Vietnamese leader Ho Chin Minh.

Richard Nixon

Was the American president between 1969 to 1974. He believed that he had the solution to end the Vietnam war. However, it took him five years to remove troops from Vietnam and fully end the war.

Allies

VietCong

The VietCong was allied with other communist nations like China and the Soviet Union.

Republic of South Vietnam

The Republic of South Vietnam was allied with the United States of America, France, New Zealand, Australia, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, and the Philippines.

Society

North Vietnam

The people in North Vietnam lived in a more densely populated area with many jungles and forests. The majority of them are agnostic, Chinese Buddhist or Taoist and heavily agreed with communist principles.

South Vietnam

The people in South Vietnam live in a humid climate with many cities, towns, and factories. They are very conservative Buddhist and agreed with democratic principles. They believed in having a republic and wanted to run their country similar to other important nations.

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