Globalization

What is it and how does it affect us?

Analysis

What is Globalization?

Globalization is the worldwide impact of shared culture, technology, environment, and economy.


Examples:


  • Culture - Music from America is exported to countries around the world.
  • Technology - Headphones developed in Japan are shipped to America.
  • Environment - American factories in east Asia pollute the air and produce smog.
  • Economy - China and America depend on each other for trade.

How Geography Contributes

How do the natural features of the earth affect peoples' lives?


Where Do People Live

Example: Paper factories may be located near forests, and as a result, workers at the factories may wish to live near the forests to be close to work.


How Do They Live

Example: People in colder climates will spend more money on winter clothes than people in warmer, more tropical climates will.


Why There

Example: Snowboarders and skiiers may want to live near snow so that they can practice their sport.

The Claim

Globalization affects people negatively and positively.


As the examples above show, globalization can both benefit and harm society. While globalization is responsible for amazing leaps in technology, it is also responsible for increased pollution and poor working conditions for overseas workers. For more examples of the pros and cons of globalization, however, continue below.

The Pros and Cons of Globalization

Pros:


  • Cheaper production costs overseas
  • Resources become available year round
  • Opportunities arise for workers in third world countries
  • People are more educated about others' cultures
  • Better/More efficient technology

Cons:


  • Workers are sometimes taken advantage of
  • Less jobs for American workers
  • Corporations profit more than workers
  • Consumers know less about where their products come from
  • GMOs in food

Application

The Product - BIC Cristal Pen

What the product consists of:
  • Stainless Steel
  • Tungsten
  • Kerosene


Where the materials come from:

  • Stainless Steel - Cleveland (Ohio), Brazil, China
  • Tungsten - China
  • Kerosene - Russia


Where the factories are located:

  • Mexico
  • Florida, USA
  • France
  • Beijing, China


Where the markets are located:

  • Denver (Colorado)
  • England
  • Spain
  • Japan
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Anhui, China

One of the most populated areas of China is Anhui. Anhui also happens to be the location of the Tungsten used to create BIC Crystal Pen. Perhaps the reason for this severe increased population is the jobs that are available as a result of the Tungsten source.
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Tungsten Production

The map above shows Tungsten output as of 2005. China is blatantly the leading producer of Tungsten in the world, which makes it understandable as to why BIC would choose to import Tungsten from there.
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Florida (USA), Mexico, France, and China

The areas in Florida, Mexico, France, and China in which the BIC factories are located are all within either Subtropical or Mediterranean climates. This may be because warmer climates provide year round work and production. Without snow or cold, there is no reason for workers to skip work days.

Problems with BIC

Environmental

China already has an alarming amount of smog and air pollution. By placing another factory in China, BIC is contributing to this detrimental issue.


Technological

Kerosene from Russia has to be shipped all the way to Mexico and the United States. Doing so requires tedious methods of shipping by either a plane or a boat.


Cultural

Workers in Mexico and China are likely not making as much as workers in the United States and France despite doing the same amount of work.


Economic

Shipping goods from all over the world to various factory locations and then to markets is undoubtedly costly.

Solutions?

Cultural

Implementing a minumum wage in impoverished countries where BIC's factories are located would discourage lower wages for workers in those countries. BIC could even implement this minimum wage in its own factories regardless of the country, should the country not have a minimum wage. This would create high demand for jobs at BIC and would create an incentive for more efficient work.

Transfer

How Does Globalization Affect Us?

Personal Relation to Globalization:

From the products I use daily to the technology I am using right now, globalization is all around me. My backpack is from China, my pencils from Taiwan. Yet, most of the time, I am ignorant of where these products come from. They have been invented in some country as a result of a cultural necessity, made from resources in another country, transported to yet another, manufactured, and then finally, paid for by me. In each country, cultural, environmental, economical, and technological factors play a role in the production of the good. Even I play a role. I am a consumer and an unkowing participator in globalization. Except, now I do know the role I play.


Personal Relation to Geography:

My family and I moved to New Hampshire from Florida roughly two years ago. Our reason for doing so dealt largely with Geography and climate. We were tired of the heat and humidity that constantly plagued Florida. It was tiring and we desired a change. Therefore we sought out New Hampshire, whose climate was much cooler and drier. We relocated as a result.


Future Generations:

I expect that in the future, globalization will have become much more prominent than it is already. Culturally, I suspect that many countries will merge together. Already, we have found that our societies are very similar. Through better technology that will advance communication, they will most likely become even more similar. I hope that environmentally, globalization will provide a platform for environmental reform in regards to climate change. Hopefully, technology will again prove to be beneficial for this endeavor. Lastly, I hope that in the future, corporations pay workers more and profit less.