Smallpox and The Columbian Exchange

Diseases to the New World

What is smallpox?

Smallpox is a diseases that was transferred from the Old World (Africa, Europe) to the New World (the Americas) along the Columbian Exchange. The Columbian Exchange brought new animals, foods, ideas between the two worlds. However, it did also spread deadly diseases, smallpox being one of them. Early symptoms can be high fevers and vomiting, it can lead to more serious symptoms such as lesions filled with pus all over the body.

Effect of smallpox

Once the diseases had spread, no one wanted to take blame for it. The Americas were not adapted to this disease unlike the Europeans, who had brought it over. The Europeans were immune to smallpox, since most of them had it earlier on and overcame it. Smallpox had become one of the biggest killers for the Americas. It was estimated that smallpox lasted for 12 days on a person, and after that they would have either died or survive. This greatly affected the population.
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By: Chau Duong