Acids and Bases

by zac and nate

ph scale

the ph scale is a scale that consist of acids and bases from the most higher in acids to neutral chemicals to higher bases.

acids

a Lewis acid is any substance such as h+ iron that can accept a pair of non bonding electrons


The strength of an acid is related to the proportion of it which has reacted with water tp produce ions


STRONG ACIDS


1.hci


2. hno3


3. h2so4


weak acids


1. ch3coh


2.hcooh


3. hf (hydrofluoric acids )


acids are sour and react with bases to from water and salts



bases

A Lewis base is any substance such as the oh-ion that can donate a pair of nonbonding electrons


the usual way of comparing the strength of bases is to see how readily they produce hydroxide ions in solution


strong bases


1. nach


2.kch


3.ba(ch)


weak bases


1.nh3


2.ch3nh2


3.c5h5n


bases are bitter and contain hydroxide

acid rain

is a mixture of wet and dry deposition