Biotechnology: Food & Agriculture

By Darryl Tan and Pablo Frausto

What is Biotechnology?

Biotechnology is the application of technology to the study or manipulation of living things. It can be used to heal rare diseases, reduce our carbon footprint, feed the hungry and also make food processing cleaner and more efficient.

Who created Biotechnology?

Louis Pasteur was the "Father of Biotechnology" and created the process of pasteurization and also microbial fermentation.

When was Biotechnology invented for the Food & Agriculture industry?

Biotechnology has been used in the Food & Agriculture industry for thousands of years but the word "biotechnology" was coined in 1919 by Hungarian engineer Károly Ereky.

Where was Biotechnology created?

It was first created in China back in 500 BC when the first antibiotic, moldy soybean curds, is used to treat boils.

How is Biotechnology used in the Food & Agriculture industry?

Bio Technology can be used to genetically modify canola oil, corn, cotton, milk, peanuts,

rapeseed, soybeans, rice, lettuce and potatoes to make them better. This can increase health and nutritional benefits such as reducing fatty acids from vegetable oils and reducing fat from milk (skim milk/low-fat milk). Bio Technology can also increase the farmers' sales in production.

Why is Biotechnology important in the Food & Agriculture industry?

Protection of the environment is one area where biotechnology is playing an important role. Scientists are using biotechnology to improve the process by which food is being produced in order to make it more environmentally friendly. For example, certain biotech foods are designed to be pest and disease resistant. This allows farmers to use fewer chemicals, such as pesticides and herbicides, while still maintaining a healthy, safe crop.