Diary of a Young Girl

A Book by Anne Frank

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The Diary of a Young Girl, also known as The Diary of Anne Frank, is a book of the writings from the Dutch language diary kept by Anne Frank herself while she was in hiding for two years with her family during the Nazi occupation of the Netherlands. The family was arrested in 1944, and Anne Frank died of typhus in the Bergen-Belson concentration camp. The diary was retrieved by Miep Gies, who gave it to Anne's father, Otto Frank, the family's only known survivor. The diary has since been published in more than 60 different languages.


Anne Frank wrote this diary when she was in the concentration camp in the Netherlands. After she died and it was found and written in Dutch.

Main Characters

Anne Frank The thirteen-year-old Jewish girl who writes a diary while she is hiding in Amsterdam from the Nazis during World War II.

Margot Frank Anne's sister.

Otto Frank Anne's father; he is a Jewish businessman who left Germany after Hitler's rise to power, hoping to find refuge in Holland.

Mrs. Frank Anne's mother; she is the source of many conflicts with Anne during the two years that the family spends in hiding.

Mr. Van Daan A Jewish businessman and an associate of Mr. Frank's. He and his family share the "Secret Annexe" with the Franks.

Mrs. Van Daan Mr. Van Daan's wife; a rather interfering person. Anne finds it difficult to get along with her.

Peter Van Daan The Van Daans' son; he is two-and-a-half years older than Anne, and his calm, quiet nature contrasts with her more excitable, vital personality. At first, Anne thinks that Peter is dull, but later on, they develop a warm and loving friendship.

Mr. Düssel An elderly dentist who joins the group in hiding in November 1942. He shares Anne's room, and his pedantic nature continually irritates her.

The Dutch "Protectors" or "Helpers"

Mr. Kraler A Dutch Gentile businessman who has been an associate of Mr. Frank and Mr. Van Daan and who takes over the running of the business when they are no longer able to do so. He works in the office in the building where the "Secret Annexe" is located, and he helps with technical, logistical aspects, such as obtaining food for the people in hiding.

Mr. Koophuis A Dutch Gentile business associate of Mr. Frank and Mr. Van Daan. He also takes over the running of the business after all Jews have been forbidden to employ Gentiles, and he helps to conceal the group in hiding and obtain supplies for them.

Miep A young woman who works in the office below the "Secret Annexe." She helps with obtaining food and supplies for the group in hiding and keeping their spirits up.

Elli A young typist who also works in the office below the "Secret Annexe." She also helps obtain food and supplies for the group in hiding and comforts them psychologically.

What is the problem?

The immediate danger of living in hiding to escape Nazi persecution of Jewish people; this immediate struggle in Anne’s life occurs within the time of World War II

My Reflection

I really liked this book because I always enjoyed learning about the holocaust. It was always my favorite unit in any history class I have taken. I have read The Boy and the Striped Pajamas and it helped me relate what Anne was going through at this time from a Jewish girl's perspective compared to the son of a Nazi soldier's son.

My Favorite Part

My favorite part of Anne's story is when her father published the diary after her death. It amazed me that he was able to find it and he was able to read what she wrote about. Publishing the book let others around the world know what life was like under hitters rule. Life for a German at this period in time was rough and they feared for their life everyday. I think my favorite thing about this book as a whole is that it's very personal and comes from experience.
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