Three Branches of Government

Karen Andrade

Reasons for this Government

  • Delegates at the Constitutional Convention wanted to divide power within the federal government
  • Divided the new government into three parts, or branches:
  • The executive branch,
  • The legislative branch, and
  • The judicial branch

Executive Branch

  • Headed by President
  • Recommends new laws
  • Directs national defense and
  • Foreign policy and
  • Performs ceremonial duties
  • Powers include directing government
  • Commanding the Armed Forces
  • Dealing with international powers
  • Acting as chief law enforcement officer, and
  • Vetoing laws

Legislative Branch

  • Headed by Congress
  • House of Representatives and the Senate

  • Main task is to make the laws

  • Powers include passing laws

  • Originating spending bills (House)

  • Impeaching officials (Senate), and

  • Approving treaties (Senate)

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Judicial Branch

  • Headed by the Supreme Court

  • Powers include interpreting the Constitution,

  • Reviewing laws, and

  • Deciding cases involving states' rights