Cold War Espionage

By: Kaitlyn Nelson, Eduardo Berumen, and Matthew Swift

Espionage Definition:

Espionage is the use of spies or spying by a country to gain military information to benefit from imminent danger. Spies are sometimes seen as leading dashing, sometimes romantic, lives, however, this is almost never the case...


During the Cold War, both Russia and the United States wanted military information to gain some advantage in the case of nuclear warfare between the two nations. Doing this caused much distrust in areas where spies were rumored to be.


  • People were hired in different countries to blend in with society.

  • Many, such as the Cambridge Five, were hired to spy on their own country by the Soviet Union.

  • If a spy was caught then there would be almost no chance of rescue, resulting in death.

  • A real-world experience of spying is far from Hollywood's romantic views of the life.


The significance of of the Cold War espionage was that it gave each side, both the United States and Russia, important information about one another. The long term effect of this led to many secrets becoming leaked to each side. Some had benefits, while others had drawbacks when spies were caught. Today, there are still spies in the United States and other countries around the world.
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