By: Katelen Moerschel, hour 6
Some schizophrenia symptoms are not prominent, such as disturbances of volition, affect, speech and catatonia.
- Auditory hallucinations and visual hallucinations(rare)
- Delusions(beliefs that are not real)
- Aggression and violence
- Suicidal thoughts and behavior
- Mood swings
- Socially withdrawn
- Not fully known
- Usually results from complex interaction between genetics and environmental factors
Abnormal Brain Structure
- Low oxygen levels during birth
- Exposure to a virus during infancy
- Early parental loss or separation
- Physical or sexual abuse in childhood
Made based on a full psychiatric evaluation, medical history, physical exam, and lab tests.
- Psychiatric Evaluation:Doctor will ask a series of questions about you or your loved ones symptoms, psychiatric history, and family history of mental health problems.
- Medical History and Exam:Doctor will ask about your personal and family health history. They will also perform a complete physical exam to check for medical issues that could be causing or contributing to the problem.
- Laboratory Tests:Simple blood and urine test can rule out other medical conditions of symptoms. They can also order a CT scan or MRI.
Treatment with medications and psycho social therapy can help manage the problem.
- Anti-psychotic medications are the most commonly prescribed drugs to treat symptoms.
- Once psychosis recedes, psychological and social interventions are important to medications.
- 1.1% of adults have paranoid schizophrenia=2.5 million
- Found in every society
- Affects men and women equally
- Ages start between 16-30
Paranoid schizophrenia has no known cure, so technically you cannot be "cured". However, there are some effective treatments such as:
- Can reduce symptoms
- Decrease the likelihood of new psychiatric episodes to occur
- Shorten duration of psychiatric episodes
- Offer a majority of people a more satisfying life
There is significant process on curing paranoid schizophrenia.
- New medications are being developed to decrease psychiatric episodes
- More proper treatments are being discovered
Last year, an estimated 2.2 million Americans went untreated for severe mental illnesses (such as paranoid schizophrenia).
- Of those, 300,000 were either homeless or in prison.
- About 4% of U.S. homicides are committed by the mentally ill
- There are more Americans with schizophrenia then there are residents of Wyoming and North Dakota combined.
- More mental health hospitals beds are occupied by persons with schizophrenia then any other illness.
- 3/100 people will experience a psychotic episode at some time in there lives.
- Schizophrenia comes from the Greek words, "split mind".
- Even though people with schizophrenia doesn't give you a split mind or multiple personalities like other people think.