Malaria

Malaria is a serious tropical disease. it can be fatal!

What is Malaria?

Malaria is caused by a type of parasite known as Plasmodium. There are many different types of Plasmodia parasites, but only five cause malaria in humans.

The Plasmodium parasite is mainly spread by female mosquitoes, which mainly bite at dusk and at night. When an infected mosquito bites a human, it passes the parasites into the bloodstream.

what are the symptons?

Symptoms of malaria can develop as quickly as seven days after you're bitten by an infected mosquito.

Typically, the time between being infected and when symptoms start is 7 to 18 days, However, in some cases, it can take up to a year for symptoms to develop.

The initial symptoms of malaria:

• a high temperature (fever)

headache

• sweats

• chills

• vomiting

These symptoms are often mild and can sometimes be difficult to identify as malaria.

With some types of malaria, the fever occurs in 48-hour cycles. During these cycles, you feel cold at first with shivering. You then develop a fever, accompanied by severe sweating and fatigue. These symptoms usually last between 6 and 12 hours.

Other symptoms of malaria can include:

• muscle pains

diarrhoea

• generally feeling unwell

The most serious type of malaria is caused by the Plasmodium falciparum parasite. Without prompt treatment, this type could lead to you quickly developing severe and life-threatening complications, such as breathing problems and organ failure.

Images that link to malaria

3.3 billon people are at risk, it is almost half the worlds population!

who is at risk?

Malaria is found in more than 100 countries, mainly in tropical regions of the world, including:

• large areas of Africa and Asia

• Central and South America

• Haiti and the Dominican Republic

• parts of the Middle East

• some Pacific islands

The 2014 World Malaria Report, published by the World Health Organization (WHO), estimates there were 198 million cases of malaria worldwide and 584,000 deaths in 2013.

Malaria is not found in the UK, although about 1,586 travellers were diagnosed with the disease after returning to the UK in 2014

What is Malaria?

How to treat it

If malaria is diagnosed and treated promptly, virtually everyone will make a full recovery. Treatment should be started as soon as the diagnosis has been confirmed.

Antimalarial medication is used to both treat and prevent malaria. Which type of medication is used and the length of treatment will depend on:

• the type of malaria

• the severity of your symptoms

• where you caught malaria

• whether you took an antimalarial to prevent malaria

• whether you're pregnant

In some cases, you may be prescribed emergency standby treatment for malaria before you travel. This is usually if there's a risk of you becoming infected with malaria while travelling in a remote area with little or no access to medical care.

Complications

Malaria is a serious illness that can get worse very quickly. It can be fatal if not treated promptly.

It can also cause serious complications, including:

• severe anaemia – where red blood cells are unable to carry enough oxygen around the body, leading to drowsiness and weakness

• cerebral malaria – in rare cases, the small blood vessels leading to the brain can become blocked, causing seizures, brain damage and coma

The effects of malaria are usually more severe in pregnant women, babies, young children and the elderly.

A story


SHEHU SULEIMAN

Shehu knows being a father means you will try your hardest to protect your children.

When you live in Nigeria – the world’s most malarious country with the entire population of 170 million at risk and almost 500 children dying from malaria every day - ensuring your child has the best protection against this disease is a top priority.

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DON'T LET IT KILL US ALL !