Colonialism in Asia

By Sean Murphy, Nathan Miller, and Stefan Jezik

Colonialism in Asia Geography 1700s

Before the 1800's, Chinese rulers had very strict rules for foreign traders. European merchants were restricted to one small area in southern china. China sold them silk, porcelain, and tea in exchange for gold and silver. China had a trade surplus and exported more than it imported . Westerners had a trade deficit with China, buying more from the Chinese than they sold to them. Two developments were underway that would transform China's relations with the western world. China entered a period of decline and the industrial revolution created a need for expanded markets for European goods. This gave the west superior military power.

Fun/Interesting Facts

Spanish-American War.

  • U.S was quickly gaining territories near the Philippines
  • Declared war against Spain in 1898
  • Gained island such as Puerto Rico and Wake Island

France in Indochina

  • France occupied 3 regions in Vietnam (Tonkin, Annam and Cochinchina)
  • These areas was then occupied by Japan
  • Beginning in May 1941, the Viet Minh, a communist army led by Ho Chi Minh, began a revolt against the Japanese.
  • In August 1945, the Vietnamese declared themselves an dependent state

Fall of Colonialism in Asia

  • Many nations started transitioning to nationalism
  • France still fought for control for regions in Vietnam
  • In 1945, Ho Chi Minh declared Vietnam is the Independent Republic of Vietnam


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Green, John. "Imperialism: Crash Course World History #35." YouTube. YouTube, 22 Sept. 2012. Web. 05 Jan. 2016.