Joseph Stalin

By: Katie Cane

Background:

-ruled the Soviet Union 2+ decades

-instituted a reign of terror while modernizing Russia

-helped defeat Nazism

"Death is the solution to all problems. No man - no problem."

Background Facts

-Born on December 18, 1879

-General Secretary of the Communist Party

-Red Army helped defeat Nazi Germany during WWII.

Road to Dictatorship

-After Lenin's death, in 1924, Stalin set out to destroy the old party leadership and take total control.

-Around 1929, Stalin reversed the Bolshevik agrarian policy by seizing land given earlier to the peasants and organizing collective farms.

Big image

Stalin's Secret Police

-a law enforcement agency of the Soviet Union that directly executed the will of the All Union Communist Party


-related to the Soviet secret police

The Great Purge

-campaign of political repression in the Soviet Union which occurred from 1936-1938

-purge on people from the Communist Party

Big image

Liquidation of the Kulaks

-The soviet campaign of political repressions

-includes arrests, deportations, and executions

-December 27, 1929: Stalin announced liquidation of the Kulaks as a "social class"

-consisted of the expropriation of the richer peasants' households, the kulaks,

expulsion of members from the village.

Three categories of kulaks:

1. counterrevolutionary kulak activists: subject to incarceration or execution; families were exiled

2. kulak activists: exiled to distant parts of the Soviet Union

3. the majority: resettled outside collective farms

Two million peasants of the first two categories were deported in 1930-1931.

Joseph Stalin's Death

-died on March 5, 1953, at age 74

-stroke

-His body was embalmed and preserved in Lenin’s mausoleum in Moscow’s Red Square until 1961

The Gulags

-acronym for the Soviet bureaucratic institution, Glavnoe Upravlenie ispravitel'no-trudovykh LAGerei

-Main Administration of Corrective Labor Camps

-operated the Soviet system of forced labor camps in the Stalin era.

-existed throughout the Soviet Union

-largest camps in Arctic north to the Siberian east and the Central Asian south


-Prisoners went thru endemic violence, extreme climate, hard labor, meager food rations and unsanitary conditions

-high death rates


-even after Stalin’s death in 1953, forced labor camps and political prisoners continued to exist in the Soviet Union right up to the Gorbachev era