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An infectious disease caused by rickettsiae, characterized by a purple rash, headaches, fever, and usually delirium, and historically a cause of high mortality during wars and famines. There are several forms, transmitted by vectors such as lice, ticks, mites, and rat fleas.

the synthoms of Typhus

  • Abdominal pain.
  • Backache.
  • Dull red rash that begins on the middle of the body and spreads.
  • Extremely high fever (105 - 106 degrees Fahrenheit), which may last up to 2 weeks.
  • Hacking, dry cough.
  • Headache.
  • Joint and muscle pain.
  • Nausea.
  • A Tale of Two Typhus

    how to get Typhus

    Typhus is caused by one of two types of bacteria: Rickettsia typhi or Rickettsia prowazekii . Endemic typhus is uncommon in the United States. It is usually seen in areas where hygiene is poor and the temperature is cold. Endemic typhus is sometimes called "jail fever."