Canada's Population: Changed

How will Canada look like in 2060?

What to expect in this flyer:

Welcome. Below are some facts regarding Canada's demography, immigration and the First Nations dilemma, and I know, I know. Geography is boring... but hey! The future, like 2060, sounds cool because flying cars anyone... with demographics and immigration packages in them too (: ?

Canadian Demography

Birth Rate and Death Rate

Since the early 1900's, there has been a high birth rate in Canada, but also a high death rate. Since many were not educated well back then, there was many kids being born, but due to the fact that there was no medical advantages, many of these people were dying, as shown in the graph above. This is also because there were numerous amounts of diseases spreading as Canada was excepting people from all around the world to come buy their land. As the graph shows, throughout the years, the death rate gradually gets higher.
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This line graph is showing the birth rate and death rate of Canada from 1983 to 2008. As you can see, the birth rate was always higher than the death rate, but since 1997, the birth and death rate have gotten closer. As this graph also shows, as the death rate goes higher, the natural increase rate goes lower.

Picture from: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/

Population Growth

As you can see, in 2010, Canada's population growth was 1.1%. Throughout years, the population growth continually increased and decreased.


Picture from: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/

Prediction

I predict that in 2060, the birth and death rate will be almost on the same level. I say this because as shown on the first graph, the death rate gets gradually higher, so this can e used to predict that the birth rate will be almost the same as the death rate possibly even lower. According to the rule of 70, it will take approximately 6364 years for Canada's population to double, since right now the population growth rate is 1.1%. This means that by the year 8378, Canada's population will be around 71 499 200, so by 2060, the population may only increase by 505 575. Since right now the population is around 35 749 600 (Statistics Canada, 2015) the population may be around 36 255 175.

Immigration

Approximately 250 000 immigrants come to Canada each year. Among these 250 000 people, 2/3 of them are economic immigrants. Economic immigrants are immigrants who can contribute to Canada's economy. The top 3 countries from where people emigrate from are China, Phillipines and India. Immigrants are chosen by the following criteria: how much can they contribute to Canada's economy, if they have family already living in Canada, and if they are in need of protection. In order to enter Canada as an Independent worker, the point system is used, and a total of 67 points is required. Pull factors that could bring emigrants into Canada, are the very high literacy rate, life expectancy rate, the clean water, and the multiculturalism. Push factors could be war in a country, poverty and family members in Canada.
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This graph shows the annual number of immigrants since Confederation started to 2012. There were many ups and downs and in 2012, it seems to be that the immigration rate drops a little and then is increasing gradually but slowly.

Picture from: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/

Prediction

I predict that since Canada's population Growth will be very low due to the fact that many people will be busy with their education instead of family planning, many immigrants will come to Canada. According to Hans Rosling, throughout the years, Africa and China's population will continue to increase. More immigrants may start coming from Africa as there might be too many people living in Africa in 2060. In the graph shown, it shows that immigration is overtaking natural increase rate, which is why it is necessary to bring in immigrants to make the population continue to grow. Although in the graph, it shows the projection of the immigration rate decreasing over time, it does show a slight increase from the years 2051-2061.

First Nations

The First Nations were treated very unfairly. Little kids were taken away from their parents, without them even knowing, and put into Residential schools. The purpose of these schools were to kill the Indian in the child. Children would have to tolerate physical, emotional and sexual abuse. Many children would die and parents would not even know what or where their child is. This was the past.


Currently, many First Nations are either non-status or status Indians. Status Indians are those who are legally identified as an Aboriginal person living in Canada, and non-status are the opposite. Although First Nations are not really recognized today, in the future they may be incredibly well known as more people will and may get educated.

As shown in the graph, the annual growth rate of the First Nations, is 45%. This is more then quadruple the amount of the rest of Canada's growth rate. Also, in the graph it shows that more and more European people are marrying Aboriginal peoples, hence the rapid growth of the Métis.

How Will 2060 Be For Me?

Compared to my parents life, my life will be very different in the year 2060. I'm 14 right now and in 2060, I will be 58-59 years old. Since my parents are family class immigrants, it may have been difficult for them to find a job. To find a job for myself however, may be much easier as an obvious choice is to help out in senior homes as much of the population will be in the old age, because of the baby boomers. Not only this but to keep Canada's economy strong and in order for the government to fund the seniors, we will have to pay much more taxes. A lot of things will be more expensive such as houses. There may not even be enough houses to live in as the population grows bigger and more immigrants start to come. In conclusion, the more taxes on things, products may become expensive, and finding a job may be easier in some forces, is how my life will be different in 2060.

Prediction

I predict that in the future, the First Nations population will be the same, but the Metis population will increase. This is because the more native and European people get married and have lots of children, the more the population will increase. I think that since the First Nations growth rate is really high, they are able to maintain their quality of life and the government is helping them out a little bit, the First Nations population will be stable.

Conclusion

In conclusion, the demography of Canada, the immigration rate and First Nations will be very different. The population will grow ever so slightly, more immigrants will come to Canada due to the fact that their population growth will be very low and the First Nations population will increase.

Bibliography

All pictures are from: http://www.statcan.gc.ca/