Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

Anna Mischio

How does it form?

Usually, cancer forms when damage to the DNA occurs. This causes out of control cell growth. This then spreads through the body. A.L.L creates damage throughout your body and may cause death by overcrowding normal cells in the bone marrow. Cancerous, undeveloped white blood cells continuously multiply and are overproduced in the bone marrow. A.L.L also can infiltrate to other organs. Infiltration is the flow or increase in a tissue or cells of substances unusual to it or in out of the normal amounts. (Wikipedia, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia)

Symptoms and Signs

There are many symptoms that one can possibly have if they indeed have Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia. Unfortunately, because there is such a wide range, and because some of the symptoms are rather common, it may be misdiagnosed, or ignored for a virus of some sort. Some symptoms include; regular tiredness, anemia, lingering fever, loss of weight, loss of appetite, lots of unexplained bruising, and excessive bleeding. There are many other symptoms besides this. (American Cancer Society, Signs and Symptoms of Cancer).

Treatment

Diagnosis is most often based on repeated blood counts and bone marrow testing and keeping an eye on the symptoms. It’s extremely rare if blood tests do not show one has leukemia. Often times this is due to leukemia being in an early stage of remission. Chemotherapy is the most popular initial treatment. However, mostly all of A.L.L patients will have a combination of multiple different treatments. There are no surgical operations available, because the malignant blood cells are everywhere in the body. (Wikipedia, Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia).