The Reproductive System
Who, What, and Why
- Pap Smears are medical tests that help doctors figure out if there are any problems with a woman's cervix. Pap Smears can identify infections and bad cells that may become cancerous. Women under the age of 20 should get one about every 3 years and once a woman turns 21, she should start to get them regularly to make sure they are staying healthy.
- Testicular Exams are tests to check whether a man has testicular cancer or not. You check for unusual lumps or bumps to make sure you are healthy. This is most common in men from 15-35. You should check yourself about once a month but if you want, you can do as many as you would like. Prevention for this is take exams regularly and stay away from food that can damage the reproductive system
- Prostate Exams are tests to see, mostly for older men (40-75), if someone has prostate cancer or not. PSA screening is a way to catch early signs of prostate cancer but sometimes cannot catch it if it is slow growing. Some things you should check before getting a PSA is
Your age, The size of your prostate gland, How quickly your PSA levels are changing, Whether you're taking medications that affect PSA measurements, such as finasteride (Propecia, Proscar), dutasteride (Avodart) and even some herbal supplements. Prevention of this is the same as all, eat healthy, excercise, and probiotics such as kombucha are great ways to prevent.