Holocaust

T. Syko

Holocaust Overview

The holocaust was a grim time during World War 2 when Adolf Hitler sought out to punish the Jews for his country's hardship at that time.He believed they were to blame for many of the world's problems, starting from the crucifixion of Jesus to financial crisis in the middle ages, to losing the first world war.

A block of housing on fire as a result of the Jewish uprising in the Warsaw ghetto in April and May 1943.

For 4 weeks a group of young Jewish men and women with a few ineffectual weapons resisted a heavily armed German force. Unable to capture the Jewish fighters, the Germans were determined to burn them out. They burned the ghetto down building by building. The fighters in the bunkers put up a stubborn resistance, but the cause was hopless from the start. The losses inflicted on the Germans were small. On May 8 the headquarters of the Jewish Fighting Organization, the ZOB, fell and its leader, Mordecai Anielewicz, (1919-1943), with other fighters, committed suicide rather than fall into the hands of the Germans. The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising was a rebellion against continued deportations from the ghetto. It was the first instance of an uprising by an urban population in German-occupied Europe. The heroism of the defenders in the bunkers was an inspiration to Jews elsewhere under German domination.

The Hitlerjugend (Hitler Youth)

Their belt buckles carry the stern motto: "Blood and Honor". The Hitlerjugend admitted children at the age of 10, and continued until the age of 18. It was organized on a military pattern and prepared a young man to become a soldier or an SS. The young men were indoctrinated with the Nazi ideology.

Recoverd Documents

Holocaust Survivor Testimonies: Daily Life in the Concentration Camps

The Last 7 Months of Anne Frank

The sensitive are most cruely used by harsh treatment.Her childhood friend Hannah Elizabeth Pick-Goslar says she became a broken girl. In February 1945 in Bergen-Belsen she was not the same person. "She began to cry and said , 'I don't have parents anymore.'"

Ms. Brandes-Brilleslipper writes that it was the closeness of Anne and Margot that attracted her to the Frank girls. At Bergen-Belsen during the night there was a terribal storm which blew down the temporary tent they were housed in. The were wet and debilitated. "At a certain moment in the final days Anne stood in front of me wrapped in a blanket. She did not have any more tears. She told me she has such a horror of lice that she had thrown her clothes away. It was the middle of winter."

Anne had typhus. She stayed on her feet until Margot died. Only then did she give in to her illness. First, Margot fell out of bed onto a stone floor. Anne died a day later.

Another who knew her writes, "It was clear that Anne had typhus. Typhus was the hallmark of Bergen-Belsen. They had hollowed out faces, skin over bone. They were terribly cold. The Frank girls had the least desirable place in the barracks near the door. You heard them screaming, 'Close the door.' The voices became weaker each day."