A Never Ending Love Story

By Madelyn Demumbreum

The Beginning

Have you ever wondered about the Taj Mahals back story? Who built it? What it was for?

The Taj Mahal was built by Shah Jahan for his favorite wife, Mumtaz Mahal. When the Taj Mahal first started being built it was only mud bricks. Then after the structure was finished they layered it with marble. Some other stones and gems they put in the Taj Mahal were Turquoise, lapis lazuli, Cats eye and many more. On all four corners of the palace walls were high towers that priests would pray from. Mumtaz died giving birth to the couples fourteenth child. So the Taj Mahal acted as a tomb. When Shah died he was buried across the river in a tomb so he could be buried close to his beloved Mumtaz.

A Little Bit About the Taj

The Taj Mahal was known as the crown of Palaces. It took about twenty years to build. It was a white mausoleum built in Agra, India by the Moqul emperor Shah Jahan. It took from 1628-1658 to be fully constructed. It was made of pure white marble and was 561 feet tall. It is also a great example of Mughal architecture, which combined Indian, Persian and Islamic influences. It still remains one of the worlds most celebrated structures. Also it is a stunning symbol of India's rich history.

A little bit more about the Taj

As you may or may not know Shah Jahan was the builder of the Taj Mahal. He was also known as Prince Khurran. He was happily married to Mumtaz Mahal together they had fourteen children (not counting the other two children from the other two wives). Mumtaz died giving birth to the couples last child. So in her honor he built the Taj Mahal as a final resting place.

Whoa! Hold up!

Once the Taj Mahal was finished Shah Jahal had his minions cut off the hands of the architect so he couldn't build any other structure like the Taj Mahal. When Shah said he didn't want anyone copying his structure, he really meant it! To find more information go to www.Smithsonian.com/Tajmahal.

Shah Jahan

Shahabuddin Muhammad Shah Jahan, Shah Jahan was born on the fifth of January 1594 – 22 January 1666 and was the fifth Mughal Emperor of India. He is also known as Shah Jahan I. He ruled from 1628 until 1658. Born Prince Khurram, he was the son of Emperor Jahangir and his Hindu wife, Taj Bibi Bilqis Makani. He was chosen as successor to the throne after the death of his father in 1627. He was considered one of the greatest Mughals. His rule has been called the Golden Age and one of the most successful ages of Indian civilization. Like Akbar, he was eager to expand his large empire. In 1658, he got sick and was imprisoned by his son and successor Aurangzeb in Agra Fort until his death in 1666.Shah Jahan was a more successful Muslim than his father and grandfather. His policies towards non-Muslims were less liberal than Jahangir and Akbar.

The period of his reign was considered the golden age of Mughal architecture. Shah Jahan erected many monuments, the most famous of which is the Taj Mahal at Agra, built in 1632–1654 as a tomb for his beloved wife Mumtaz Mahal.


Bartholet, Jeffrey. "How to Save the Taj Mahal?" Smithsonian Magazine. Smithsonian, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2014.