Eastern Deciduous Forest

Jennika Lentz

Overview

The North American Eastern Forest stretches from New England to Central Florida and just west of the Mississippi River, it has a large variety of species both in flora and fauna. Landscapes and Ecosystems differ from each area. Many people spit the forest into different smaller regions. Throughout all of the forest most trees seem to be around 59-99 feet. The soil is slightly different depending on you are but, it is over all very fertile. Some surrounding biomes are Grasslands or plains and the Appalachian Mountains which clash with this forest at one point or another. This forest along with others are globally helping with the timber industry, and other wood stocking things. They also serve as very diverse biotic homes.

Abiotic Factors

The Appalachian Mountain range runs through this lovey forest, along with much more rolling hills. As the vast forest carries some of the richest soil in America also. Ponds and small lakes scatter the forest as well. The Mississippi River runs through on the west side of the forest too.

Fauna

A plethora of animals live in this area, approximately 43 mammals species, 154 species of birds birds, 23 species of reptiles, and 17 amphibian species.


American Black Bears- They mostly stick to eating fish, berries, and other small prey and plants. They adapt to different areas very well, say if there were mostly fish and not a lot of plat material in one area they would be fine, and in vice versa.


Bald Eagle- The Bald Eagel has adapted rather large feet, known as talons, they come in handy when picking up prey such as mice, baby rabbits, and other small rodents that they eat. They are also slowly becoming less endangered with help of no hunt laws.


Common Garter Snake- They seem to adapt in their diet, whether it's baby birds or crayfish. They have a large diet which consists of small mammals, baby birds, insects, and small fish.

Flora

Over 110 species of plants can be found in this area of forest. 75% are deciduous.


White Oak- they can grow up to be 100 feet tall and their trunks can be 4 feet across also. The white tailed deer which is found in this forest eats off of this plant forming a relationship. They prefer well drained soil but can adapt to others excluding marshy soil.


Sugar Mapel- It is said that the sugar maple is one of the best loved trees. Deer, mice, and other small mammals love to eat this tree. This tree is also one of the most common in the area. They have adapted to only rooting themselves into nutrient rich soil.

Fun Things

The North American Eastern Deciduous Forest has a multitude of fun things to do. Anything for zip lines to fishing, and hiking of course. Cities such as New York, New Orlean's, and multiple Philadelphian cities are also a good place to stop if you are on the eastern side.
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Weather and What to Wear.

Summer (Late May-Early August)- humid and hot, ranging in the 85°F-100°F. You would want to wear light colors, maybe a light jacket, thick socks, proper hiking shoes/boots, and maybe a hat.


Fall (late August-Early November)- cooler and ranging from 65°F to 50°F. You may want a jacket, thick socks, proper shoes/boots, and you may want gloves.


Winter ( Late November to Early March)- Very cold and snowy, 50°F in early winter but late winter can get down to the negatives. Wear boots, thick socks, warm clothes, a thick jacket, gloves, a hat, and other things to help keep warm.


Spring (March to May)- cool and warmer as the season progresses, 50°F to 70°F. Light jacket, proper boots/shoes, may want a hat or gloves, rain clothes, and other things that are deemed appropriate for this season.

Threats

Logging is always evident in any forest, including this one. Some of the forest is on reserve but not all. They are also clearing for farmland. Deforestation is the only known threat to this lovely forest.