The Old & New Stone Age

& the differences between the two.

Paleolithic Era

  • The Paleolithic Era last up until about 12,000 to 70,000 years ago
  • Man, or at the time neanderthal ( an extinct species of human that existed a long time ago, with a receding forehead and high brow ridges) survived by hunting bears, mammoths and wild boar. Also by gathering, roots, berries and seeds.
  • People began hunting in groups, and disguising themselves as other animals.
  • Man started to make tools to hunt, stone wood and bone tools.
  • Man survived because they didn't stay in one place too long, they are known as nomads.
  • They were also called Cro-Magnon, which are early homo sapiens that lived about 40,000 years ago.
  • During this time period no one stayed in one place for too long, they followed the food and picked up and left their temporary homes very often.

The Neolithic Era

  • The Neolithic Era lasted up until about 6,000 to 12,000 years ago.
  • This era is when men stopped being nomadic and settled in one place.
  • This means they started to grow their own food using farming and agriculture, the raising of small animals and growing crops.
  • They also started domesticating plants and animals. Meaning training something to be useful to people.
  • The first farmers started domesticating sheeps, goats and cattle.
  • One of the main plants domesticated is wheat and corn, corn was bred with other corn to get it to the size it is today.
  • In this time period tools started to become more improved and advanced, such as axes, handles, flints,
  • The changes that were made in this time period made it so that people could settle down, they didn't have to chase their food anymore. They learned to farm and domesticate and build shelters.