The Civil Rights Movement
History Never To Be Forgotten
Introduction (Project Question: To what degree has civil rights movement contributed to making the United States a more equal and just society?)
Specific details about the civil rights movement 1954-1968
Martin Luther King jr. was and will always be remembered as one of the most influential figures of the civil rights movement. MLK jr was a man that not only helped change history for African Americans but also became a roll model for many Americans. The reason he became a role model for many was because of the way he fought the injustice that was occuring during the 50s and 60s. his ideas on fighting back were not with fists, weapons, or hate but with the ideals of Gandhi. MLK jr and others like him fought back by organizing large but peaceful speeches and marches.One of his most famous speeches is his ''I have a dream" speech. In his speech he says, ''With this faith, we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith, we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.
And this will be the day -- this will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with new meaning''.This quote shows the heart and desire of MLK jr and others like him to leave a better life, a better future, and a better America for millions of African Americans in the years to come.
Malcolm x was also a very influential leader during the civil rights movement.From the start Malcolm had a rough life because his father was killed at a young age and his family became split up in the process. As his life continued he lost interest in school at the age of 15 and dropped out. Finally he landed a seven year sentence in prison for theft and several other crimes. While he was serving his time in prison he converted to the Nation of Islam. Once he got out of prison he began a movement that promoted fighting for the same rights as MLK jr but instead of non violent protesting they advocated using any means necessary meaning aggressive force.His ideas were polar opposite of the teachings of MLK jr and they did not agree with one another whatsoever. However, they did have one thing in common which is they were both assassinated.
The NAACP and The Black Panthers (Two major groups of the civil rights movement)
The Black panthers were a group of African American men and women who were determined to change the segregation laws using any means necessary which often meant the use of violent force. The group was founded in Oakland California in October 1966. Their founders were Huey Newton and Bobby Seale who based the groups ideas off socialism. The political party is still active today but not as outspoken as it once was.
Top 5 most influential events of the Civil Rights movement
- Brown vs. Board and the Liittle Rock Nine - The significance of this event was it showed the Nation that the president was going to stand by the courts decision to allow the nine children to attend central High School. Also this event paved the way for many other African Americans that wanted to attend an all white school.
- The Montgomery Bus Boycott - This event is important because
- Birmingham, Alabama -(spring, 1963) This was an important event because it was another major protesting event that was peaceful but still left a mark during the movement. During this event many African Americans peacefully broke segregation laws which would eventually overload the jails. The idea behind this type of protesting was that it would always allow civil rights members to be out actively protesting because they cant arrest everyone.
- March on Washington - (August 28,1963) This march was very important because it brought almost 200,00 whites and blacks together to hear a speech from MLk jr. This speech would go down in history as one of the most influential moments of the civil rights movement because it would eventually draw blacks and whites together peacefully.
- 16th street Baptist Church Bombing -(September 15,1963) The Bombing was carried out by members of the KKk and the result was four dead children. The children's names were Denise McNair, Carole Robertson, Cynthia Wesley, and Addie Mae Collins.The bombers were convicted and sentenced to life in prison. The reason this was a significant event was because the crimes committed against the four black children were not hidden and left unpunished like thousands of others before.