World Religions

Annie R.

Christianity

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History

  • Started from Jewish people around mid-1st century Israel
  • Followed Jesus and His teachings
  • Persecuted by the Romans
  • Spread with conquests and traveling


Beliefs

  • Monotheistic (believes in one God)
  • Believe that Jesus Christ is the Son of God and our Savior from our sins


Rituals:


  • Praying
  • Fasting
  • Communion




Information

Holy Book: the Bible


Holidays: Christmas, Easter, All Saints Day

What is Christianity?

Hinduism

Beliefs

  • Polytheistic (multiple gods)
  • believe in karma, the law of cause and effect by which each individual creates their destiny
  • Believe in 3 Worlds: The First World is the physical universe; the Second World plane where devas, angels and spirits live; and the Third World is where their Gods live


Rituals:

  • Meditation
  • Hatha yoga (yoga with the spiritual aspect)
  • Temples



Other Information

No Holy Book



Holidays:

  • Diwali (festival of lights)
  • Holi (festival of colors)


History

  • No known starting time
  • Known as the people of India's religion
  • Writings and scrolls have been found that date back to 2300 BC


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Religion - Hinduism

Buddhism

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History

  • Founded in India about 2,500 years ago by the Buddha
  • Spread over the Far East and Far West
  • Now the most dominant religion in the Far East


Beliefs

  • stated in its doctrine "We do not believe that this world is created and ruled by a God"
  • there are spirits and deities that live in our world and inspire other Buddhists
  • the Four Truths:
  1. The truth of dukkha (suffering, anxiety)
  2. The truth of the origin of dukkha
  3. The truth of the ending of dukkha
  4. The truth of the path leading to the ending of dukkha


Rituals:

  • Meditation
  • Pilgrimage
  • Mantras


Other Information

Holidays:


  • Buddhist New Year
  • Vesak (Buddha Day)


Holy Texts: Pāli Tipitaka

Buddhism & Jainism - A Brief Video Introduction

Judaism

Brief History

  • Traces back to the creation of man
  • Spread from Israel all across the world
  • Persecuted by Hitler throughout his reign, ending in 1945


Beliefs

  • Monotheistic
  • Believe in God, known to them as Yahweh
  • Believe the Messiah will be our savior, but has not yet come
  • 13 Articles of Faith (what Jews adhere by)


Rituals:

  • 613 Commandments, what one Rabbi discovered in the Jewish Bible
  • Worshipping in the Synagogue
  • Eating Kosher foods (pure food)


Other Information

Holy Book: Torah



Holidays:

Hanukah, Passover, Yam Kippur

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What Is Judaism?

Islam

History

  • Mecca became the religious center in the 5th century BC
  • Muhammad was born around 570 AD
  • Was visited by the angel Gabriel who told him to become a prophet


Rituals:

  • Fasting during Ramadan
  • Five Pillars of Islam
  • Ritual Prayer


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1-Islam in Brief - The Meaning of Islam

Other Information

Holy Book: Koran


Holidays: Al-Hijra: Islamic New Year; Ramadan, Ashura

Beliefs

  • Muhammed was a Prophet
  • one God, or Allah
  • Madhi, or savior, will come and redeem Islam