Strategies for Readers Who Struggle
What defines a struggling reader?
1. recognize letters and sounds
2. blend sounds into syllables and words
3. comprehend meanings of words by themselves, in sentences, and paragraphs
4. get the meaning of texts of all types of genres
5. inability to pull meaning from text
Why do they struggle?
1. text is outside schematic knowledge
2. physical impairments
3. disruptive environmental conditions
4. texts present emotionally challenging or disturbing subject matter
5. form of the text is idiosyncratic and complex
2. Teach explicitly and through a variety of strategies
Strategies we can use...
- teacher modeling -- teacher models and explains the strategy (keep it short and sweet!)
- guided practice -- students practice in a large group
- collaborative practice -- students share their thinking processes with each other
- independent practice -- students try the strategy on their own
- teacher is always providing feedback and assessing students
2. Reading Workshop
- similar to gradual release of responsibility
- 10-15 minute mini lesson where teacher models
- Practice with a partner
- Use the strategy during Individualized Daily Reading
- Closing -- students come back and discuss what they learned by using the strategy
3. Word Attack Strategies
- Word Boxes
- Word Banks
-- What is it?
a "multi-sensory, bi-hemispheric, brain-based approach to help students compensate for their visual and auditory processing problems"
* contains spelling and handwriting components
* 20 sequential levels of instruction for each reading level
*coordinates visual, auditory, kinesthetic, and tactile information
*uses comprehensive approach to teach a variety of literacy and language skills
*emphasis on comprehension skills
*focusing on the wrong part of the program and neglecting reading portion
Dynamic Indicators of Basic Early Literacy Skills (DIBELS for short)
*takes approximately two-three minutes to administer each section
*four stepping stones that indicate which students will display learning difficulties and eventual learning disabilities
*recommended for kindergarten through third grade